Globalization and scholarly communication : a story of Canadian marginalization

Pannekoek, Frits and Clarke, Helen and Waller, Andrew . Globalization and scholarly communication : a story of Canadian marginalization., 2007 In: How Canadians communicate II : media, globalization and indentity. University of Calgary Press, pp. 239-260. [Book chapter]


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English abstract

This book chapter argues that Canadian academic libraries have largely failed to maximize the opportunity to develop a national information infrastructure. As a result, they operate in an environment where information is often under the control of corporate interests and other nations. For instance, Canadian scholarly communication is affected by American legislation (e.g. The USA PATRTIOT Act) and governmental rulings (e.g. rulings of the Office of Foreign Asset Controls). While some discussion has taken place, there is an overall lack of a national dialogue on how to ameliorate this situation. There is also evidence that access to Canadian digital content within Canada is selective.

Item type: Book chapter
Keywords: scholarly communication, globalization, Canadian intellectual sovereignty, USA PATRIOT Act, OFAC, Office of Foreign Asset Controls
Subjects: E. Publishing and legal issues. > EZ. None of these, but in this section.
D. Libraries as physical collections. > DD. Academic libraries.
H. Information sources, supports, channels. > HP. e-resources.
B. Information use and sociology of information > BF. Information policy
Depositing user: Andrew Waller
Date deposited: 22 Apr 2008
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:11


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i Open Access Initiative,

ii BioMed Central: The Open Access Publisher,

iii Note some of the key University of Toronto journals at

iv OFAC “administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on US foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, and those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.” (accessed October 20, 2004).

v OFAC ruling 031002-FACRL-IA-11. (accessed October 20, 2004).

vi (accessed October 20, 2004).

vii OFAC ruling 040405-FACRL-IA-15. (accessed October 20, 2004).

viii Ibid.

ix See and (both accessed October 20, 2004).

x (accessed March 22, 2005). This is the press release for the new ruling. The new ruling in full can be accessed at

xi There is a good timeline incorporating the Berman Amendment and the Free Trade in Ideas Amendment at

xii AMA site licence, 2003.

xiii SPIE site licence, 2005.

xiv Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA Patriot Act) of 2001 (Public Law 107-56, 115 STAT.272, H.R 3162).

xv for a full text of the report and subsequent legislation.

xvi Ontario Scholars Portal at

xvii Savoir: monthly communiqué for members and stakeholders. Vol. 1 (October 2004).

xvii About reSearcher products. Canadian Council of Prairie and Pacific University Libraries.

xix Bridging the innovation gap: strategic plan 2000 to 2005. Canadian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information. September 04, 2003.

xx Kathleen Shearer, Preservation of Digital Resources: Selected and Annotated reading list CARL/ARBC Backgrounders Series, Canadian Association of Research Libaries.

xxi A continual access and digital preservation strategy for the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) 2002–2005. Joint Information Systems Committee. Neil Beagrie, January 10, 2002.

xxii Ibid., A4.



xxv Directory of Open Access Journals at

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May, Christopher. 2003. “Digital Rights Management and the Breakdown of Social Norms.” First Monday 8(11):

Murray, Laura J. 2004. “Protecting Ourselves to Death: Canada, Copyright, and the Internet.” First Monday 9(10):

Shearer, Kathleen. 2003. Preservation of Digital Resources: Selected and Annotated reading list. CARL/ARBC Backgrounders Series, Canadian Association of Research Libaries,

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Toller, Carol. 2000. "CBA plans to fight Pegasus in Ottawa: parliamentary committee will examine wholesaling venture". Quill & Quire. 66 (1), January: 4.

White, John, ed. n.d. Intellectual Property in the Age of Universal Access. The First Society in Computing.


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