Improving subject searching in databases through a combination of descriptors and UDC

Granados-Colillas, Mariàngels and Nicolau-Payàs, Anna Improving subject searching in databases through a combination of descriptors and UDC., 2008 . In BOBCATSSS'08: Providing acces for everyone, Zadar (Croatia), 27-30/01/2008. [Conference paper]


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English abstract

Problems with subject access to online catalogues and databases are not new. Studies on the use of OPACs have revealed two apparently endemic problems: on the one hand, the large number of searches with zero hits (failed searches) and on the other, the retrieval of an excessive amount of bibliographic records (information overload). In this paper we describe a new information retrieval technique based on the combination of descriptor weighting and the use of the Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) call numbers. The use of classification call numbers in order to search the catalogue has traditionally been very restricted. In most catalogues, call numbers are used only as topographical indicators and are not searchable. The new system described here makes much fuller use of them. The system is based on the hypothesis that a set of descriptors correspond to a UDC call number. Through the analysis of the frequency of distribution of descriptors and call numbers, we create a set of clusters that allow increasing precision and recall. At the same time, these clusters offer alternative search modes, making it possible to systematize the indexing process and increase its consistency. Here we present a case study of the use of the system with the ERIC database.

Item type: Conference paper
Keywords: Acces to information, Information retrieval, Information searching, UDC, Descriptors
Subjects: I. Information treatment for information services > IC. Index languages, processes and schemes.
Depositing user: Mariàngels Granados
Date deposited: 01 Jun 2008
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:11


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