Pristupacnost elektronskih informacija za osobe sa invaliditetom

Vucic, Vedran Pristupacnost elektronskih informacija za osobe sa invaliditetom., 2009 (Unpublished) [Guide/Manual]

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English abstract

This paper presents an overview of the developments that led to the establishment of an idea of accessibility of electronic information for people with disabilities. The development of legal and technological standards influenced economic, social, legal and technological aspects of accessibility of the Internet sites. A lack of accessibility and usability of electronic resources for people with disability is a practice of discrimination of people with disabilities. However, accessibility itself is not solely based on aspects of functionality. Accessibility assumes aspects of situational, cultural and social aspects of accessibility. Those aspects do not exclude functionality as an important criteria. Indeed, they include cultural, social, gender, situational aspects due to the fact that person with disability should not be treated soley on his/her disability. All other aspects of personality should be respected too. The development of feee software enabled easier implementation and the development of web applications developed according to the rules of accessibility. Flexible licensing enabled everyone to use free software web applications freely to everyone. Free software ATutor is presented as successful and viable application for accessible education management. Legal regulations enacted in EU, USA, Canada, Australia and other states give an example how this issue can be legally regulated in a successful way. A variety of civic, governmental, inter-governmental associations and institutions strive and foster on local and international levels to promote and implement standards and legal regulations in the field.

Croatian abstract

U radu se govori o razvoju potreba i standarda za regulisanje tehnoloških, pravnih, ekonomskih i socijalnih aspekata pristupačnosti Internet sajtova i elektronskih dokumenata za osobe s invaliditetom. Nemogućnost osoba s invaliditetom da koriste elektronske resurse informacija ih dovodi u situaciju trpljenja diskriminacije zbog invaliditeta. Pristupačnost elektronskih resursa se međutim kako se naglašava u tekstu, ne odnosi isključivo na pitanja invaliditeta već i na situacione, kulturološke i socijalne aspekte. Ovi aspekti ne isključuju pitanje smanjene funkcinalnosti zbog nastanka invaliditeta već nadopunjuju zahteve pristupačnosti i za druge osobe te da se pitanje pristupačnosti za osobe s invaliditetom ne bi isključilo druge aspekte ličnosti i kulturološkog i rodnog identiteta osoba s invaliditetom. Razvoj slobodnog softvera omogućava lakšu primjenu i razvoj web aplikacija srazvijenih po pravilima pristupačnosti. Slobodan softver ATutor je u tekstu pomenut kao uspješna aplikacija za pristupačno upravljanje procesom obrazovanja. Fleksibilno licenciranje omogućava lak pristupa takvim aplikacijama svima. Pravna regulativa EU, SAD; Kanade, Australije i drugih država daje uzoran primjer reguliranja ove oblasti. Brojne udruge, vladine i međuvladine organizacije i instutucije sudjeluju na lokalnim i međunarodnim nivoima u promicanju i primjeni standarda i pravnih regulativa iz ove oblasti.

Item type: Guide/Manual
Keywords: accessibility, persons with disabilities, information technology
Subjects: E. Publishing and legal issues. > EZ. None of these, but in this section.
Depositing user: Vedran Vucic
Date deposited: 03 Mar 2009
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:13
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10760/12826

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