La sostenibilità dei modelli di Open Access

Dubini, Paola and Giglia, Elena La sostenibilità dei modelli di Open Access. AIDAInformazioni : rivista di Scienze dell'informazione, 2008, vol. 26, n. 3-4, pp. 43-69. [Journal article (Print/Paginated)]

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English abstract

In this article we seek to assess the economic sustainability of Open Access models, that is to say to what extent these models are effective and durable competitors to traditional journals. The article highlights the conditions to be met for Open Access repositories to erode the competitive advantage of traditional journals, describes the need to quickly reach reputation and critical mass with an innovative editorial project and describes the virtuous circle leading to the success of Open Access models: editorial identity, and a rigid selection process lead to a solid reputation which, thanks to a higher accessibility to published content, becomes visible and attractive for researchers in their double role of authors and readers. The visibility and prestige acquired enhance the repository reputation, stimulate a growing number of submissions, leading to a more rigorous selection process, which in turn contributes to a strengthening of the reputation of the journal. The article highlights the need to compare traditional journals and Open Access models within the broader process of production, financing and diffusion of results of the scientific research.

Italian abstract

In questo articolo siamo interessate a valutare la sostenibilità economica dei modelli di Open Access, ossia in che misura tali sistemi rappresentino concorrenti validi e duraturi rispetto alle riviste tradizionali. L’articolo discute le condizioni che i modelli di Open Access devono rispettare per erodere il vantaggio competitivo delle riviste tradizionali, evidenzia la necessità di raggiungere velocemente massa critica e reputazione con un progetto editoriale innovativo e descrive il circolo virtuoso che porta al successo dei modelli di Open Access: identità editoriale e serietà nel processo di selezione consentono di costruire una solida reputazione all’archivio che, grazie alla migliore accessibilità dei contenuti pubblicati, diventa visibile e attrattivo per i ricercatori nella duplice veste di lettori e autori. La visibilità e la notorietà guadagnate sul campo portano riconoscimento all’archivio, stimolando un crescente numero di submission, il che determina un più rigoroso processo di selezione, che a sua volta contribuisce ad un rafforzamento della reputazione e della notorietà della rivista. L’articolo mette in evidenza inoltre la necessità di inquadrare il confronto fra riviste tradizionali e modelli di Open Access all’interno di una più ampia riflessione che coinvolge tutti gli attori coinvolti nel processo di produzione, finanziamento e diffusione dei risultati della ricerca scientifica

Item type: Journal article (Print/Paginated)
Keywords: Open Access – economic sustainability - scholarly communication – business models – scientific publishing - research evaluation – publication costs – research funding
Subjects: E. Publishing and legal issues. > EB. Printing, electronic publishing, broadcasting.
H. Information sources, supports, channels. > HS. Repositories.
H. Information sources, supports, channels. > HA. Periodicals, Newspapers.
Depositing user: Elena Giglia
Date deposited: 16 Jun 2009
Last modified: 14 Dec 2012 21:40
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10760/13216

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[58] Fra i contributi più recenti, che forniscono anche una sintesi delle ricerche in materia cfr. Roger Clarke, The cost profiles of alternative approaches to journal publishing, in «First Monday», 3 December 2007, vol. 12, n. 12, <http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2048/1906>; Donald W. King, The cost of journal publishing: a literature review and commentary, in «Learned Publishing», April 2007, 20 pp. 85-106 <http://tinyurl.com/3k5dml>.

[59] RIN – UK Research Information Network, Activities, costs and funding flows in the scholarly communication system in the UK, Report, May 2008, <http://www.rin.ac.uk/costs-funding-flows>

[60] Chris Armbruster, Moving out of Oldenburg’s long shadow: what is the future for society publishing?, in «Learned Publishing», October 2007, 20 (4), pp. 259-266 <http://ssrn.com/abstract=997819>

[61] Chris Armbruster, A European model for the digital publishing of scientific information?, Social Science Research Network Working paper, 2008 <http://ssrn.com/abstract=1106162>

[62] Chris Armbruster, Moving out of Oldenburg’s long shadow: what is the future for society publishing?, in «Learned Publishing», October 2007, 20 (4), pp. 259-266 <http://ssrn.com/abstract=997819>.

[63] Jonas Holmström, The cost per article reading of Open Access journals, in «D-Lib Magazine», January 2004, 10 (1) <http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january04/holmstrom/01holmstrom.html>.

[64] Ian Rowlands – Dave Nicholas – Paul Huntington, Scholarly communication in the digital environment. What do authors want?, in «Learned Publishing» October 2004, 17 (4), pp. 261-273 <http://tinyurl.com/4wtfoc>.

[65] Andy Gass, Paying to free science: costs of publication as cost of research, in «Serials Review», 2005, 31 (2), pp. 103-106 <http://www.plos.org/downloads/serials_review_20050512.pdf>.

[66] Bo-Christer Björk, Open Access to scientific publications: an analisis of the barriers to change, in «Information Research», January 2004, 9 (2), < http://informationr.net/ir/9-2/paper170.html>; William H. Walters, Institutional journal costs in an open access environment, in «Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST)», January 2007, (58), 1, pp. 108-120. Peter Suber nella Newsletter di maggio 2008 (http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/05-02-08.htm) suggerisce, fra le questioni aperte per possibili ricerche in Open Access, proprio di calcolare quanto graverebbe sul budget l’eventuale copertura dei costi di pubblicazione invece dei costi di abbonamento, rinviando a un suo precedente intervento nella Newsletter del giugno 2006 (http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/06-02-06.htm#facts).

[67] Per le diverse sperimentazioni in atto, cfr. Lee C. Van Orsdel – Kathleen Born, Periodicals price survey 2008: embracing openness, in «Library Journal» April 15, 2008 <http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6547086.html?q=periodicals+prices>; per un’analisi SWOT di tre modelli di business alternativi (BioMedCentral, PLoS, Medknow), cfr. Chen Chi Chang, Business models for open access journals publishing, in «Online Information Review», 2006, 30 (6), pp. 699-713.

[68] Per una tabella comparativa dei costi richiesti dai diversi editori, cfr. BioMedCentral, APC comparison table, http://www.biomedcentral.com/info/authors/apccomparison/

[69] Cfr. Max Planck Gesellschaft Press release February 4, 2008, < http://tinyurl.com/453f4l>

[70] SCOAP3 – Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics, Towards Open Access publishing in high energy physics – Executive Summary <http://scoap3.org/files/Scoap3ExecutiveSummary.pdf>.

[71] Cfr. Science Commons – Open Access Law program <http://sciencecommons.org/projects/publishing/oalaw/>; Michael W. Carroll, The movement for Open Access Law, in «Lewis & Clark Law Review», 2006, 10, pp. 741-760 <http://ssrn.com/abstract=918298>.

[72] Cfr. rispettivamente http://www.driver-repository.eu/; http://depot.edina.ac.uk/; http://www.arrow.edu.au/; http://www.eifl.net/cps/sections/home.


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