The Leopard’s Spots on the Move: School Libraries in Europe

Marquardt, Luisa The Leopard’s Spots on the Move: School Libraries in Europe., 2008 [Preprint]


Download (332kB) | Preview

English abstract

This paper aims at giving a general and up-to-date overview of the situation of school libraries and school librarianship in Europe in 2008. It is mainly based both on existing literature, and on information personally gathered from (school) library organisations or associations representatives or, when not possible, through their websites. Some case histories, best practices and projects are reported, according to the IFLA/UNESCO school library elements and characters. The “leopard”, as a metaphor of the school libraries in Europe, is explained along the text. It also refers to a picture not as easy to be taken due to difficulties in defining Europe: apart being a geographical Continent, it may also consist in the countries currently forming the European Union (EU), which doesn’t however represent all European Countries. Note: The Report was commissioned by IFLA HQ and submitted on Aug.18th, 2008 to be included as a chapter in IFLA. Global Library and Information Science. A textbook for Students and Educators. Edited by Ismail Abdullahi. München: Saur, 2009. (IFLA Publications 136-137). It was incidentally omitted. An update version is currently under process and will be published in 2010. (LM, Jan. 31st, 2010).

Item type: Preprint
Keywords: school library, Europe, school librarianship
Subjects: D. Libraries as physical collections. > DE. School libraries.
Depositing user: Luisa Marquardt
Date deposited: 19 Feb 2010
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:16


Aaron, Shirley L. (1980). A study of combined school-public libraries. Chicago: American Library Association.

Aaron, Shirley L. (1992). The role of combined libraries in Florida phase I: surveying the literature. Tallahassee: Florida State University.

Agee, Jim – Lillard, Linda (2005), "A global view of library associations for students and new librarians", New Library World, Volume 106, Number 1218/-1219, DOI 10.1108/03074800510635026.

Anghelescu, Hermina G. B. (2001), “Romanian Libraries Recover after the Cold War: The Communist Legacy and the Road Ahead”, Libraries & Culture, Volume 36, Number 1, Winter 2001, pp. 233-252 .

Barrett, Helle (2007), “SearchSpeakLearn and SMiLE. School library projects built on government support”, Newsletter for IFLA Section no. 11 School libraries and Resource Centers, Issue 45, December.

Biblioteksstyrelsen (2008), Fremtidens biblioteksbetjening af børn. København: Biblioteksstyrelsen.

Boelens, Helen (2008), La biblioteca scolastica al centro del processo di apprendimento: l’esperienza del Kalsbeek College, see: Gamba, C.-Trapletti, M.L.

Boelens, Helen (2007), “With my feet in the mud”, Newsletter for IFLA section no. 11 School Libraries and Resource Centers, Issue 44, June.

Calixto, José António, ed. (2007), Ter ou não ter bibliotecário escolar. Valor e impacto dos recursos humanos nas bibliotecas escolares. Lisboa: Fundaçáo Calouste Gulbenkian.

Carpalho Bautista, Antonio (2002), [“Bibliotecas Escolares, 1”], "Introducción", Revista Educación y Futuro, 22 de diciembre de 2002, available at:

Carpalho Bautista, Antonio (2003), [“Bibliotecas Escolares, 2”], Revista Educación y Futuro, 22 de diciembre de 2003, available at:

Castán, Guillermo (2002), Las bibliotecas escolares. Soñar, pensar, hacer. Sevilla: Diada Editora.

Cencerrado, Luis Miguel (1999), “Bibliotecas Escolares en Castilla y León”, Educacion y Biblioteca, Monográfico sobre Castilla y León, Número 101, Mayo de 1999, available at

Centelles Pastor, Jaume (2007), La biblioteca, el corazón de la escuela, 2.ed. Barcelona: Octaedro – Rosa Sensat.

Chabod, Federico (1965), Storia dell’idea d’Europa. Roma-Bari: Laterza.

Charrier-Ligonat, Colette (2002), School libraries in France, in IFLA, School Library Section, The School Library: Today and Tomorrow […], [The Hague], IFLA, SLRCS. Available in PDF format at:

Clyde, Laurel A. (2002), Also known as the school librarian…, see: IFLA, School Library Section (2002).

Commission of the European Communities (2007), Commission Staff working paper: Schools for the 21st Century, Brussels, 11.07.07 SEC(2007)1009. Brussels: CEC, available in PDF format at:

Commission of the European Communities (2008), Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - Proposal for the Joint Report on social protection and social inclusion 2008 {SEC(2008) 91}, COM/2008/0042 final. Brussels: CEC, available in PDF format at:

Cristensen, Carl Erik (2007), “Skolebiblioteket som læringscenter - udvikling til fremden”, Skolebiblioteket, 2, Februar, available in PDF format at:

Cuevas Cerveró, Aurora (2007), Lectura, alfabetización en información y biblioteca escolar. Gijón: Trea.

Das, Lourense H. (2008), La biblioteca scolastica come ambiente per l’apprendimento: una prospettiva internazionale, see: Gamba, C.-Trapletti, M.L., eds.

Delors, Jacques (s.a., [post 1996]) Learning: the treasure within. Report to UNESCO of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-first Century. Highlights. Paris: UNESCO, available in PDF format at:

[Denmark], Indenrigs –og Sundhedsministeriet (2002), Municipalities and Counties in Denmark - Tasks and Finance, 5.ed. Copenhagen: The Ministry of the Interior and Health, Department of Economics, available in PDF format at:

Döllgast, Brigitte (2003), “Bibliotheken in Griechenland heute”, Biblioteksdienst, 37, 3, available in PDF format at:

Durpaire, Jean-Louis (2004), Les politiques documentaries des établissments scolaires. Rapport à monsieur le ministre de l’éducation nationale, de l’enseignment supérieur et de la recherche. N° 2004-037 Mai, [Paris : Ministère Èducation Nationale, Inspection générale de l’Èducation nationale].

European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - Proposal for the Joint Report on social protection and social inclusion 2008 {SEC(2008) 91} /* COM/2008/0042 final */,

FADBEN (2007), “Action de l’intersyndicale : demande d’audience au ministère le 26 novembre 2007”, Lettre de Mediadoc, Décembre.

Frantsi, Hannele - Kolu, Kaarina - Salminen, Seija (2002), A Good School Library. Espoo: The School Library Association in Finland - The Finnish National Board of Education. [Orig. title: Hyvä koulukirjasto].

Gamba, Claudio – Trapletti, Maria Laura, eds. (2008), Biblioteche & formazione. Dall’information literacy alle nuove sfide della società dell’apprendimento. Milano: Editrice Bibliografica.

Gudakoska, Iveta – Smith, Inese A. (2003), CPD stakeholders in Latvia – have ten years of independence made a diffference?, available in PDF format at:

Gudauskas, Renaldas (1994), “Lithuanian Library History”, International Information & Library Review, Volume 26, Number 4.

Hoerr, Thomas R. (2007), “The New City School Multiple Intelligences Library”, Newsletter for IFLA section no. 11 School Libraries and Resource Centers, Issue 44, June.

Horton, Forest Woody, Jr (2008), Understanding Information Literacy: A Primer. Paris: UNESCO, IFAP – Information for All Programme, Communication and Information Sector.

IFLA, School Library Section (2002), The school library: today and tomorrow ; La bibliothèque scolaire : aujourd’hui et demain ; La biblioteca escolar: presente y futuro, […], available in PDF format at:

ISTAG (2006), Shaping Europe’s Future through ICT. Report from the Information Society Technologies Advisory Group (ISTAG) 4, available in PDF format at:

JCSP – Junior Certificate School Programme (2005), Demostration Library Project. Evaluation Report. Edited by Bernadett Kiely, Aideen Cassidy and Margaret Bentley. Collation and classification of reading test results and preparation of tables by Bernard Nolan. [Dublin]: Nua Research Services.

Kalotay, Kálmán (2004), The European Flying Geese: New FDI patterns for the Old Continent?, Research in International Business and Finance, 18, pp. 27-49.

Kõuts, Jaanus (2007), Training Estonian School Librarians, accessible at:

Kulthau, Carol C. – Maniotes, Leslie K. – Caspari, Ann K. (2007), Guided Inquiry. Learning in the 21st Century. Westport, CT – London: Libraries Unlimited.

LAG Schulbibliotheken in Hessen (2006), LAG-Bausteine für ein hessisches Schulbibliothekswesen. Eschborn: LAG Schulbibliotheken in Hessen e.V.

La Marca, Susan (2007), Rethink! Ideas for inspiring school library design. Featured section by Kevin Hannah. Victoria: SLAV.

Marchesi, Álvaro – Miret, Inés - Fundación Germán Sánchez Ruipérez (2005), Las Bibliotecas escolares en España: análisis y recomendaciones. [Madrid]: Fundación Germán Sánchez Ruipérez.

Maurer-Hetto, Marie-Paule [et al.] (2003), Lu- Luxembourg. Description et évaluation de la lecture à la fin de l’enseignement primarie. Luxembourg: MENFPS-SCRIPT. Available in PDF format at :

Ministerio de la Presidencia, Jefatura del Estado, “Ley Orgánica 2/2006, de 3 de mayo, de Educación”, Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE) n. 106 de 4/5/2006, p. 17158-17207, available in PDF format at:

Ofstad, Mette K. (2007), “Making libraries enticing also for ‘non’-readers”, Newsletter for IFLA section no. 11 School Libraries and Resource Centers, Issue 44, June.

Olson, Renee (1996), “2 in 1. Designing a Combined Library That Works for Everybody”, School Library Journal, 42, 2 Feb, p. 24-27.

Romano, Sergio (2005), Europa storia di un’idea. Dall’impero all’unione. Milano: Fondazione Achille e Giulia Boroli.

Saniewska, Danuta (2007), Vademecum nauczyciela bibliotekarza, Warszawa: Sukurs.

Santen, Ilja van (s.a., post 2005), De bibliotheek en de brede school. [Hoofddorp]: ProBiblio, available in PDF format:

“School en openbare bibliotheek werken samen” (2008), Bibliotheek- & archiefgids, 84, no. 2, available in PDF format at: It contains contributions by Ann Schatteman, Jan Laureys, Paul Kellens.

Seefledt, Jurgen – Syré, Ludger (2007), Portale zu Vergangenheit und Zukunft – Bibliotheken in Deutschland. Im Auftrag von Bibliothek & Information Deutschland e V. (BID) herausgegeben. Mit einem Vorwort von Barbara Lison. 3. überarbeitete Auflage. Hildesheim – Zurich – New York : Georg Olms Verlag.

Sundt, Ellen, Visions for school libraries in Norway, see: IFLA, School Library Section (2002).

Tilke, Anthony (2002), Managing your school library service. A practical handbook. London: Facet.

Williams, Dorothy – Wavell, Caroline – Coles, Louisa (2001), Impact of School Library Services, Critical literature review of the impact of school library services on achievement and learning to inform the work of the DfES Task Group set up to implement actions contained in the Government’s response to “Empowering the Learning Community”. London: DfES.

Yáguez, Elena (2006), Guía práctica para el desarrollo y dinamización de la Biblioteca Escolar en Secundaria. Madrid: Centro de Investigación y Documentación Educativa (CIDE), available in PDF format at:

Zhukova, Tatiana (2008), School Libraries in Russia. Moscow: Russian School Libraries Association.


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item