Open Access and Scopus: A New Approach to Scientific Visibility From the Standpoint of Access

Miguel, Sandra and Chinchilla-Rodríguez, Zaida and De-Moya-Anegón, Félix Open Access and Scopus: A New Approach to Scientific Visibility From the Standpoint of Access. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 2011, vol. 62, n. 6, pp. 1130-1145. [Journal article (Paginated)]

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English abstract

The last few years have seen the emergence of several open access (OA) options in scholarly communication, which can be grouped broadly into two areas referred to as gold and green roads. Several recent studies have shown how large the extent of OA is, but there have been few studies showing the impact of OA in the visibility of journals covering all scientific fields and geographical regions.This research presents a series of informative analyses providing a broad overview of the degree of proliferation of OA journals in a data sample of about 17,000 active journals indexed in Scopus. This study shows a new approach to scientific visibility from a systematic combination of four databases: Scopus, the Directory of Open Access Journals, Rights Metadata for Open Archiving (RoMEO)/Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access (SHERPA), and SciMago Journal Rank] and provides an overall, global view of journals according to their formal OA status. The results primarily relate to the number of journals, not to the number of documents published in these journals, and show that in all the disciplinary groups, the presence of green road journals widely surpasses the percentage of gold road publications. The peripheral and emerging regions have greater proportions of gold road journals. These journals belong for the most part to the last quartile. The benefits of OA on visibility of the journals are to be found on the green route, but paradoxically, this advantage is not lent by the OA, per se, but rather by the quality of the articles/journals themselves regardless of their mode of access.

Spanish abstract

En los últimos años ha habido una emergencia de diversas opciones de acceso abierto (OA) a la literatura científica, las cuales pueden ser clasificadas en dos grandes grupos: ruta dorada y ruta verde. Varios estudios recientes mostraron la manera en que el OA se ha extendido, pero pocos muestran los efectos del OA en la visibilidad de las revistas cubriendo todos los campos temáticos y regiones geográficas. Esta investigación presenta una serie de análisis que proveen un amplio panorama sobre el grado de adopción del OA sobre más de 17.000 revistas activas incluidas en SCOPUS. Esta nueva aproximación al estudio de la visibilidad se realiza a partir de análisis que combinan datos procedentes de cuatro fuentes: Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Rights Metadata for Open Archiving (RoMEO)/Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access (SHERPA), and SciMago Journal Rank (SJR). Los resultados se enfocan en las revistas (y no de artículos científicos publicados en ellas), y muestran que en todos los grupos disciplinares hay mayor presencia del grupo de revistas que dan permisos para el auto-archivo (rotuladas en el estudio como revistas de la ruta verde potencial) que de revistas de la ruta dorada. El estudio muestra también que las regiones periféricas y emergentes son las que tienen mayor proporción de revistas de la ruta dorada, y que estas revistas tienen menor visibilidad que las del primer grupo. El estudio concluye que los beneficios del OA sobre la visibilidad científica de las revistas estarían en la ruta verde, pero paradójicamente, esta ventaja no estaría relacionada con el OA en sí mismo -teniendo en cuenta que el porcentaje de artículos actualmente depositados en repositorios es muy bajo-. La mayor visibilidad entonces estaría dada más por la calidad de las revistas (y de los artículos publicados en ellas) que por su modalidad de acceso.

Item type: Journal article (Paginated)
Keywords: Open access, Journals, Impact, Acceso abierto, Revistas, Impacto
Subjects: B. Information use and sociology of information > BB. Bibliometric methods
Depositing user: Sandra Miguel
Date deposited: 09 Sep 2011
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:20


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