Spaniards’ Perspective of Immigration. The Role of the Media

Checa-Olmos, Juan-Carlos and Arjona-Garrido, Ángeles Spaniards’ Perspective of Immigration. The Role of the Media. Revista Comunicar, 2011, vol. XIX, n. 37, pp. 141-149. [Journal article (Paginated)]


Download (393kB) | Preview

English abstract

With the transformation of Spain into an immigration country, society has become a major change by setting up a social space characterized, increasingly, by cultural, ethnic and religious diversity. In this new frame is interesting to investigate the overall value of diversity into the Spanish society. The two aims for of this paper are, on one hand, to process feedback on Spanish opinion on immigration between 1996 and 2007, and, on the other hand, to find out the role of the media in the construction of that opinion. For the first aim, an index of anti-foreigner sentiments was constructed using data provided by the national survey on opinions and attitudes on immigration, published annually by ASEP. For the second, an analysis, using the Agenda-Setting Theory, of articles published on immigration that appeared in the newspapers, «El País» and «El Mundo». The results show that a negative sentiment towards the outgroup has increased over time. The main variables explaining these trends are a sense of threat, to the population and to identity, and competition for resources and political decisions in integration – legalisation. The media analysis has six dimensions, the main ones refer to the illegality of the phenomenon, linking immigration to crime, and the social integration policies, highlighting the role of the media in creating public opinion.

Item type: Journal article (Paginated)
Keywords: Immigrants, Xenophobia, Communications Media, Threat Competition, Insecurity Media Framing
Subjects: H. Information sources, supports, channels. > HN. e-journals.
Depositing user: Alex Ruiz
Date deposited: 08 Mar 2012
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:21


ALLPORT, G.W. (1954). The Nature of Prejudice. New York:


BLALOCK, H.M. (1967). Toward a theory of minority-group relations. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

BRADER, T.; VALENTINO, N. & SUHAY. E. (2004). Seeing Threats

ver sus Feeling Threats: Group cues, Emotions, and Activating

oppo sition to Immigration. Philadelphia: American Political Science


CACHÓN, L. (2009). En la España inmigrante: entre la fragilidad de los

inmigrantes y las políticas de integración. Papeles del CEIC, 45; 1-35.

CEA D’ANCONA, M.A. (2009). La compleja detección del racismo y

la xenofobia a través de encuesta. Un paso adelante en su medición.

Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, 125; 13-45.

COENDERS, M. & SCHEEPERS, P. (2008). Changes in Resistance to

the Social Integration of Foreigners in Germany 1980-2000: In di -

vidual and Contextual Determinants. Journal of Ethnic and Mi -

gration Studies, 34 (1); 1-26.

DEARING, J.W. & ROGERS, E.M. (1996). Agenda Setting. Thou -

sand Oaks: Sage.

Díez Nicolás, J. (2005). Las dos caras de la inmigración. Madrid:


D´HAENENS, L. & DE LANGE M. (2001). Framing of Asylum See -

kers in Dutch Regional Newspapers. Media, Culture and So ciety,

23; 847-60.

DURSUN, O. (2005). News Coverage of the Enlargement of the Eu -

ropean Union and Public Opinion: A Case Study of AgendaSetting Effects in the United Kingdom. European Union Studies

Asso ciation’s. Ninth Biennial International Conference. Austin,


ECHEVARRÍA, A. & VILLAREAL, M. (1995). Psicología social del racismo. In ECHEVARRÍA, A. & AL. (Eds.). Psicología social del prejuicio

y el racismo. Madrid: Centro de Estudios Ramón Areces.

ESCANDELL, X. & CEOBANU, M. (2009). When Contact with Im -

migrants matters Threat, Interethnic Attitudes and Foreinger Ex -

clusionism in Spain´s Comunidades Autónomas. Ethnic and Racial

Studies, 32 (1); 44-69.

IGARTÚA, J.J.; HUMANES, M.L. & AL. (2004). Tratamiento informativo de la inmigración en la prensa española y opinión pública. VII

Congreso Latinoamericano de la Comunicación. La Plata (Argen -

tina), 11-16 de octubre.

IGARTUA, J.J. & MUÑIZ, C. (2004). Encuadres noticiosos e inmigración. Un análisis de contenido de la prensa y televisión españolas.

Revista de Estudios de Comunicación, 16; 87-104.

IGARTUA, J.J.; MUÑIZ, C. & CHENG, L. (2005). La inmigración en

la prensa española. Aportaciones empíricas y metodológicas desde

la teoría del encuadre noticioso. Migraciones, 17; 143-181.

IGARTUA, J.J.; OTERO J.A. & AL. (2007). Efectos cognitivos y afectivos de los encuadres noticiosos de la inmigración, en IGARTUA, J.J.

& MUÑIZ, C. (Eds.). Medios de comunicación, Inmigración y So -

cie dad. Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca; 197-232.

LORITE, N. (2007). Tratamiento informativo de la inmigración en

España 2007. Barcelona: Migracom.

MUÑIZ, C.; IGARTU, J.J. & AL. (2008). El tratamiento informativo de

la inmigración en los medios españoles. Un estudio comparativo de

la prensa y televisión. Perspectivas de la Comunicación, 1 (1); 97-


PÉREZ, M. & DESRUES, T. (2005). Opinión de los españoles en ma -

te ria de racismo y xenofobia. Madrid: Observatorio Español de Ra -

cismo y Xenofobia.

QUILLIAN, L. (1995). Prejudice as a Response to Perceived Group

Threat: Population Composition and Anti-immigrant and Racial Pre -

judice in Europe. American Sociological Review, 60 (4); 586-611.

QUILLIAN, L. (1996). Group Threat and Regional Change in Atti -

tudes toward African-americans. American Journal of So ciolo gy,

102 (3); 816-860.

SCHEUFELE, D. (2000). Agenda-setting, Priming and Framing Re -

visited: Another Look at Cognitive Effects of Political Commu ni -

cation. Mass Communication and Society, 3 (2-3); 297-316.

SCHIEFER, D.; MÖLLERING, A. & AL. (2010). Cultural Values and

Out group Negativity: A Cross Cultural Analysis of Early and Late

Adolescents. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40; 635-651.

SCHLUETER, E. & SCHEEPERS, P. (2010). The Relationship between

Outgroup Size and Anti-outgroup Attitudes: a Theorical Synthesis

and Empirical Test Group Threat and Intergroup Contact Theory.

Social Science Research, 39; 285-295.

SCHNEIDER, S.L. (2008). Anti-immigrant Attitudes in Europe: Out -

group Size and Perceived Ethnic Threat. European Sociological

Review, 24 (1); 53-67.

SCHWART, S.H. (2008). Culture Value Orientations: Nature and

Im plications of National Differences. Moscow: University Eco -

nomic Press.


of Anti-foreigner Sentiment in European Societies 1988-2000.

Ame rican Sociological Review, 71; 426-449

SEMYONOV, M.; RAIJMAN, R. & GORODZEISKY, A. (2008). Foreig -

ners Impact on European Societies: Public Views and Perceptions in

a Cross-national Comparative Perspective. International Journal of

Comparative Sociology, 49 (1); 5-29.

TER WAL, J.; D’HAENENS, L. & KOEMAN, J. (2005). (Re)presentation of Ethnicity in EU and Dutch Domestic News: A quantitative

Analysis. Media, Culture and Society, 27; 937-50.

TOOD, E. (1996). El destino de los inmigrantes. Barcelona: Tus -



The Effects of News Frames on Reader’s thoughts and Recall.

Communication Research, 26; 550-69.

VAN DIJK, T.A. (2003). Dominación étnica y racismo discursivo en

España y América Latina. Barcelona: Gedisa.

WORCHEL, S. (1998). Written in Blood. Ethnic Identity and the

Struggle for Human Harmony. New York: Worth Publishers.

ZAPATA-BARRERO, R. (2009). Policies and Public Opinion towards

Immigrants: the Spanish Case. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 32 (7);



Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item