Wie 'offen' sind die europäischen Wissenschaften für Frauen?

Tüür-Fröhlich, Terje Wie 'offen' sind die europäischen Wissenschaften für Frauen? Information Wissenschaft und Praxis, 2011, vol. 62, n. 6-7, pp. 279-284. [Journal article (Paginated)]

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English abstract

Gender inequality in sciences is an ongoing unsolved issue. Many studies have been carried out to tackle the gender specific problems in scientific communication and scientific careers. The EU-Statistics ("She Figures") document the still dominant pattern of lower female presence in higher academic ranks in almost all European Union member states. There are discrepancies between EU science policy and national social policies. The prevailing "publish or perish" attitude, atypical employment as accepted norm and the forced international mobility are factors which hamper the young and female academics' scientific careers. How open for women are the so called "open initiatives"? Women are sceptical towards FLOSS (free/libre open source software), they feel intimidated by the male dominated "chilly" working climate. Only 13 percent of the international Wikipedia writers are female. Only articles on traditionally male topics as soccer are considered as relevant in the German Wikipedia and are allowed to "survive". There is almost no open access publishing in German gender studies. Generally the surveys of attitudes and practices of scholars on open access publishing ignore the gender variable. The only exception is a larger survey of the DFG. In this study women more often than men wish more training in open access publishing techniques.

German abstract

Die Geschlechterungleichheit in den Wissenschaften ist weiterhin ein ungelöstes Problem. Viele Studien befassen sich mit genderspezifischen Problemen in wissenschaftlicher Kommunikation und in wissenschaftlichen Karrieren. Die EU-Statistiken ("She Figures") dokumentieren das nach wie vor dominante Muster geringerer weiblicher Präsenz in höheren akademischen Rängen in fast allen EU-Mitgliedsstaaten. EU-Wissenschaftspolitik und die nationalen Sozialpolitiken widersprechen einander. Die vorherrschende "publish or perish"-Logik, atyptische Beschäftigungsverhältnisse als akzeptierte Norm und die forcierte internationale Mobilität behindern vor allem die Wissenschaftskarrieren der Jungen und Frauen. Wie offen sind die sogenannten "offenen Initiativen" für Frauen? Frauen sind gegenüber der Open-Source-Bewegung (FLOSS) skeptisch, sie fühlen sich vom dort herrschenden männlich dominierten "frostigen" Arbeitsklima eingeschüchtert. Nur 13 Prozent der internationalen Wikipedia-Autorenschaft ist weiblich. Nur Artikel über klassisch männliche Themen wie Fußball werden in der deutschen Wikipedia als "relevant" eingestuft und dürfen daher "überleben". Es gibt kaum deutschsprachige Genderstudien im Modus Open Access. Meist ignorieren die Erhebungen zu den Einstellungen und Praktiken von Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern beim Open-Access-Publizieren die Geschlechtervariable. Einzige Ausnahme bildet eine größere Befragung durch die DFG. In dieser Studie wünschen mehr Frauen als Männer Training in Open-Access-Publikationstechniken.

Item type: Journal article (Paginated)
Keywords: Gender, woman, female, career, scientific communication, scholarly communication, review, Gender, Frau, Karriere, Wissenschaftskommunikation, Literaturübersicht, mentor, mentorship, work life balance, dual career management, mobility, science policy, social policy
Subjects: B. Information use and sociology of information > BG. Information dissemination and diffusion.
E. Publishing and legal issues. > ED. Intellectual property: author's rights, ownership, copyright, copyleft, open access.
E. Publishing and legal issues. > EZ. None of these, but in this section.
Depositing user: Gerhard Fröhlich
Date deposited: 29 Mar 2012
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:21
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10760/16764


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