The Reasons for Non-Use of Social Networking Websites by University Students

Turan, Zeynep and Tinmaz, Hasan and Goktas, Yuksel The Reasons for Non-Use of Social Networking Websites by University Students. Comunicar, 2013, vol. 21, n. 41, pp. 137-145. [Journal article (Paginated)]


Download (467kB) | Preview

English abstract

Although social networking websites (SNSs, especially Facebook) have become highly popular with youths, some university students do not want to participate in such sites. This study explores the underlying reasons for hightech university students’ non-use of social networking websites. The study group (n=20) consisted of 18 to 25yearold undergraduate students, who were selected by the purposive sampling method. Data were collected from two large state universities in Turkey. Facebook, as one of the most popular social networking websites, was selected as a study context. Qualitative research methods were used in the data collection and analysis processes. The primary reasons for not using social networking websites were that they were perceived to be a waste of time, or an unnecessary tool; that they might lead to an addiction; that they might violate privacy concerns or share unnecessary information; and that they might invoke family concerns. Additionally, the findings indicated that most of the students did not trust virtual friendships, and did not like sharing photographs and political views online. This identification of non-user students’ attitudes about SNSs will help us to better understand individual perceptions and experiences relating to these social services.

Item type: Journal article (Paginated)
Keywords: Social networking websites, Facebook, university students, dilemmas, social media, social services
Subjects: C. Users, literacy and reading.
C. Users, literacy and reading. > CD. User training, promotion, activities, education.
Depositing user: Alex Ruiz
Date deposited: 03 Aug 2013 23:49
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:26


"SEEK" links will first look for possible matches inside E-LIS and query Google Scholar if no results are found.

Ahn, J. (2011). The Effect of Social Network Sites on Adolescents’ Social and Aca-demic Development?: Current Theories. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 62(8), 1435-1445.

DOI: 10.1002/asi.21540 / CrossRef link

Ajjan, H. & Hartshorne, R. (2008). Investigating Faculty Decisions to Adopt Web 2.0 Technologies: Theory and Empirical Tests. The Internet and Higher Education, 11(2), 71-80.

DOI: 10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.05.002 / CrossRef link

Baker, K.R. & White, K.M. (2011). In their Own Words: Why Teenagers don’t Use Social Networking Sites. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14(6), 395-398.

DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2010.0016 / CrossRef link

Bosch, T.E. (2009). Using Online Social Networking for Teaching and Learning: FB Use at the University of Cape Town. Communicato, 32(2), 185-200.

DOI: 10.1080/02500160903250648 / CrossRef link

Carpenter, J.M., Green, M.C. & LaFlam, J. (2011). People or Profiles: Individual Differences in Online Social Networking Use. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(5), 538-541.

DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.11.006 / CrossRef link

Ceyhan, A.A. (2008). Predictors of Problematic Internet Use on Turkish University Students. Cyberpsychology Behavior and Social Networking, 11(3), 363-366.

DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2007.0112 / CrossRef link

Cheung, C.M.K., Chiu, P.Y., & Lee, M.K.O. (2011). Online Social Networks: Why do Students Use Facebook? Computers in Human Behavior, 27(4), 1337-1343.

DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2010.07.028 / CrossRef link

Crouch, M. & McKenzie, H. (2006). The Logic of Small Samples in Interview-based Qualitative Research. Social Science Information, 45(4), 483-499.

DOI: 10.1177/0539018406069584 / CrossRef link

eBizMBA (2012). Top 15 Most Popular Social Networking Sites. ( (21-05-2012).

Facebook, (2012). Company Newsroom. ( (21-05-2012).

Formspring (Ed.) (2012). About Formspring. ( (21-05-2012).

Green, B.T. & Bailey, B. (2010). Academic Uses of Facebook: Endless Possibilities or Endless Perils? TechTrends, 54(3), 20-22.

DOI: 10.1007/s11528-010-0398-z / CrossRef link

Hargittai, E. (2008). Whose Space? Differences among Users and Non-users of Social Network Sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 13, 276-297.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00396.x / CrossRef link

Harper, M.G. (2006). High Tech Cheating. Nurse Education in Practice, 6(6), 364-71.

DOI: 10.1016/j.nepr.2006.07.008 / CrossRef link

Hew, K.F. (2011). Students’ and Teachers’ Use of Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 662-676.

DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2010.11.020 / CrossRef link

Joinson, A.N. (2008). ‘Looking at’, ‘Looking up’ or ‘Keeping up with’ People? Motives and Uses of Facebook. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1027-1036). New York: ACM.

Kabilan, M.K., Ahmad N. & Abidin, M.J.Z. (2010). Facebook: An Online Environment for Learning of English in Institutions of Higher Education? The Internet and Higher Education, 13, 4, 179-187.

DOI: 10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.07.003 / CrossRef link

Karpinski, A.C. & Duberstein, A. (2009). A Description of Facebook Use and Academic Performance among Undergraduate and Graduate Students. In Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

Kirschner, P.A. & Karpinski, A.C. (2010). Facebook and Academic Performance. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(6), 1237-1245.

DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2010.03.024 / CrossRef link

Lampe, C., Ellison, N. & Steinfield, C. (2006). A Face(book) in the Crowd: Social Searching vs. Social Browsing. In 20th Anniversary Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (pp. 167-170). New York: ACM.

Lampe, C., Ellison, N. & Steinfield, C. (2008). Changes in Use and Perception of Face-book. In Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative work (pp. 721-730). New York: ACM.

Lenhart, M. (2009). Adults and Social Network Websites. Pew Internet & American life Project Report. ( (22-05-2012).

Lewis, J. & West, A. (2009). ‘Friending’: London-based Undergraduates’ Experience of Facebook. New Media & Society, 11(7), 1209-1229.

DOI: 10.1177/1461444809342058 / CrossRef link

Martin, S., Diaz, G., Sancristobal, E., Gil, R., Castro, M. & Peire, J. (2011). New Technology Trends in Education: Seven Years of Forecasts and Convergence. Computers & Education, 57(3), 1893-1906.

DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2011.04.003 / CrossRef link

Mazman, S.G. & Usluel, Y.K. (2011). Gender Differences in Using Social Networks. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 10(2), 133-139.

McCown, J.A., Fischer, D., Page, R. & Homant, M. (2001). Internet Relationships: People who Meet People. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 4(5), 593-596.

DOI: 10.1089/109493101753235188 / CrossRef link

Patton, M.Q. (1990). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Pempek, T., Yermolayeva, A.Y., & Calvert, L.S. (2009). College Students' Social Networking Experiences on Facebook. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30. 227-238.

DOI: 10.1016/j.appdev.2008.12.010 / CrossRef link

Prensky, M. (2001). Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants. On the Horizon, 9(5), 1-6.

DOI: 10.1108/10748120110424816 / CrossRef link

Raacke, J. & Bonds-Raacke, J. (2008). MySpace and Facebook: Applying the Uses and Gratifications Theory to Exploring Friend-networking Sites. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 11, 2, 169-174.

DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2007.0056 / CrossRef link

Roblyer, M.D., McDaniel, M., Webb, M., Herman, J. & Witty, J.V. (2010). Findings on Facebook in Higher Education: A Comparison of College Faculty and Student Uses and Perceptions of Social Networking Sites. The Internet and Higher Education, 13(3), 134-140.

DOI: 10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.03.002 / CrossRef link

Rosen, L.D. (2011). Social Networking’s Good and Bad Impacts on Kids. (www.apa.-org/news/press/releases/2011/08/social-kids.aspx) (22-05-2012).

Ross, C., Orr, E.S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J.M., Simmering, M.G. & Orr, R.R. (2009). Personality and Motivations Associated with Facebook Use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(2), 578-586.

DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2008.12.024 / CrossRef link

Sheldon, P. (2008a). Student Favourite: Facebook and Motives for its Use. Southwestern Mass Communication Journal, 23(2), 39-53.

Stern, L.A. & Taylor, K. (2007). Social Networking on Facebook. Journal of the Communication, Speech & Theatre Association of North Dakota, 20, 9-20.

Teclehaimanot, B.B. & Hickman, T. (2011). Student-teacher Interaction on Facebook: What Students Find Appropriate. TechTrends, 55(3), 19-30.

DOI: 10.1007/s11528-011-0494-8 / CrossRef link

Tufekci, Z. (2008). Can you See me Now? Audience and Disclosure Regulation in Online Social Network sites. Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, 28(1), 20-36.

DOI: 10.1177/0270467607311484 / CrossRef link

Vrocharidou, A. & Efthymiou, I. (2012). Computer Mediated Communication for Social and Academic Purposes: Profiles of Use and University Students’ Gratifications. Computers & Education, 58(1), 609-616.

DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2011.09.015 / CrossRef link

Wolak, J., Mitchell, K.J. & Finkelhor, D. (2002). Close Online Relationship in a National Sample of Adolescents. Adolescence, 37(147), 441-455.

Young, A.L. & Quan-Haase, A. (2009). Information Revelation and Internet Privacy Concerns on Social Network Sites: A Case Study of Facebook. In IV International Conference on Communities and Technologies (pp. 265-274). New York: ACM.

DOI: 10.1145/1556460.1556499 / CrossRef link


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item