Theoretical foundation and literature review of the study of concept maps using eye tracking methodology

Rovira, Cristòfol Theoretical foundation and literature review of the study of concept maps using eye tracking methodology. El profesional de la información, 2016, vol. 25, n. 1, pp. 59-73. [Journal article (Paginated)]

[img] Text
07.pdf - Published version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB)
[img] Text
59-74_Rovira_Castellano.pdf - Published version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB)

English abstract

In this paper, we will be carrying out an in-depth analysis of a series of investigations involving concept maps used in eye tracking methodology. First, the background to this kind of research is analyzed: on the one hand we will focus on generic scientific literature about those concept maps with theoretical foundations in the psychology of learning, and second the literature of eye tracking in teaching and learning will be reviewed. Finally, we will center our attention on the way in which the literature for these two areas overlaps. A total of 15 published works on concept maps using eye tracking were located and subsequently the quality of these papers, their visibility, topics, and results were analyzed. The findings show there are very few published works on this subject, all originated from dispersed sources which proved difficult to locate, despite the fact that eye tracking methodology lends itself perfectly to the study of concept maps. We predict that in coming years there will be many more publications in this field.

Spanish abstract

En este artículo se presentan los resultados de una revisión bibliográfica sobre las investigaciones publicadas hasta la fecha sobre mapas conceptuales aplicando la metodología del seguimiento de la mirada. Se estudian los antecedentes de este tipo de trabajos: por un lado la producción científica genérica sobre mapas conceptuales con bases teóricas en la psicología del aprendizaje y por otro lado la metodología del seguimiento de la mirada aplicada a la investigación sobre la enseñanza y el aprendizaje. Finalmente se concreta en la intersección de ambos tipos de trabajos y se reseñan 15 publicaciones sobre mapas conceptuales usando el seguimiento de la mirada. Se analiza la calidad de estos trabajos, su visibilidad, los temas tratados y los resultados obtenidos. Los conclusiones son que hay pocas publicaciones, dispersas y con poca visibilidad y que el seguimiento de la mirada se aplica de forma poco eficiente. A pesar de estas conclusiones, se constata que la metodología del seguimiento de la mirada se adecua muy bien al estudio de los mapas conceptuales y se pronostica que en los próximos años habrán muchos más trabajos en este campo.

Item type: Journal article (Paginated)
Keywords: Concept maps, Knowledge maps, Graphic organizer, Node-link maps, Eye tracking, Eye movements, Comprehensive analysis, Bibliography, Literature reviews, Mapas conceptuales, Mapas de conocimiento, Organizador gráfico, Mapas de nodos y enlaces, Seguimiento de la mirada, Estado de la cuestión, Bibliografía, Revisión bibliográfica.
Subjects: I. Information treatment for information services > ID. Knowledge representation.
Depositing user: Cristòfol Rovira
Date deposited: 14 Apr 2016 05:58
Last modified: 15 Apr 2016 08:09


"SEEK" links will first look for possible matches inside E-LIS and query Google Scholar if no results are found.

Adesope, Olusola O.; Nesbit, John C. (2009). "A systematic review of research on collaborative learning with concept maps". En Lupion Torres, Patricia; de Cássia Veiga Marriott, Rita. Handbook of research on collaborative learning using concept mapping. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, pp. 238-255. ISBN: 9781599049922

Adesope, Olusola O.; Nesbit, John C. (2013) "Animated and static concept maps enhance learning from spoken narration". Learning and Instruction, v. 27, pp. 1-10.

Åhlberg, Mauri. (2004) "Varieties of concept mapping". En Proc. of the First Int. Conference on Concept Mapping, n. 1998, pp. 1-4.

Amadieu, Franck; van Gog, Tamara; Paas, Fred; Tricot, André; Mariné, Claudette. (2009) "Effects of prior knowledge and concept-map structure on disorientation, cognitive load, and learning". Learning and instruction, v. 19, n. 5, pp. 376-386.

Anderson-Inman, Lynne; Horney, Mark. (1996) "Computer-based concept mapping: enhancing literacy with tools for visual thinking". Journal of adolescent & adult literacy, v. 40, n. 4, pp. 302-306.

Ausubel, David Paul; Novak, Joseph D.; Hanesian, Helen. (1968) Educational psychology: a cognitive view. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, ISBN 9780030696404.

Ausubel, David P. (1960) "The use of advance organizers in the learning and retention of meaningful verbal material". Journal of educational psychology, v. 51, n. 5, pp. 267-272.

Ausubel, David P. (1963) The psychology of meaningful verbal learning, Oxford: England: Grune & Stratton.

Ausubel, David P. (1978) "In defense of advance organizers: A reply to the critics". Review of educational research, v. 48, n. 2, pp. 251-257.

Ausubel, David P. (2012) The acquisition and retention of knowledge: a cognitive view, Springer Netherlands, ISBN 9789401594547

Ball, Linden J; Lucas, Erica J; Miles, Jeremy N V; Gale, Alastair G. (2003) "Inspection times and the selection task: what do eye-movements reveal about relevance". The quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, human experimental psychology, v. 56, n. 6, pp. 1053-1077.

Bisra, Kiran. (2010) "How learners visually navigate concept maps: an analysis of eye movements". Thesis. Faculty of Education. Simon Fraser University.

Bisra, Kiran; Nesbit, John C. (2012) "Learning from concept maps: validating the use of eye-movement data". En: American Educational Research Association Annual Conference.

Bisra, Kiran; Nesbit, John C. (2012) "From the how learners visually navigate concept maps: an analysis of eye movement single transitions". En: American Educational Research Association Annual Conference

Burch, Michael; Heinrich, Julian; Konevtsova, Natalia; Höferlin, Markus; Weiskopf, Daniel. (2011) "Evaluation of traditional, orthogonal, and radial tree diagrams by an eye tracking study". IEEE Transactions on visualization and computer graphics, v. 17, n. 12, pp. 2440-2448.

Buzan, Tony; Buzan, Barry. (1995) The mind map book: radiant thinking the major evolution in human through, London: BBC Worldwide Publishing.

Cañas, Alberto J.; Coffey, John. W.; Carnot, Mary Jo; Feltovich, Paul; Hoffman, Robert R.; Feltovich, Joan; Novak, Joseph D. (2003) "A summary of literature pertaining to the use of concept mapping techniques and technologies for education and performance support", pp. 1 -108.

Chang, Kuo-En; Sung,Yao-Ting; Chen, S. F. (2001) "Learning through computer-based concept mapping with scaffolding aid". Journal of computer assisted learning, v. 17, n. 1, pp. 21-33.

Collins, Allan M.; Quillian, M. Ross. (1969) "Retrieval time from semantic memory". Journal of verbal learning and verbal behavior, v. 8, n. 2, pp. 240-247.

Cristea, Alexandra I; Okamoto, Toshio. (2001) "Object-oriented collaborative course authoring environment supported by concept mapping in myenglishteacher". Journal of educational technology & society, v. 4, n. 2, pp. 104-115.

Crowe, D a; Averbeck, B B; Chafee, M V; Anderson, J H; Georgopoulos, a P. (2000) "Mental maze solving". Journal of cognitive neuroscience, v. 12, n. 5, pp. 813-827.

D’Mello, Sidney; Olney, Andrew; Williams, Claire; Hays, Patrick. (2012) "Gaze tutor: A gaze-reactive intelligent tutoring system". International journal of human-computer studies, v. 70, n. 5, pp. 377-398.

Daley, B J; Shaw, C R; Balistrieri, T; Glasenapp, K; Piacentine, L. (1999) "Concept maps: a strategy to teach and evaluate critical thinking". The journal of nursing education, v. 38, n. 1, pp. 42-47.

Dansereau, Donald F. (2005) "Node-link mapping principles for visualizing knowledge and information". LNCS, v. 3426, pp. 61-81.

Dansereau, Donald F.; Moreland, Jeremy L.; Chmielewski, Todd L. (1997) "Recall of descriptive information: the roles of presentation format, annotation strategy, and individual differences". Contemporary educational psychology, v. 22, n. 4, pp. 521-33.

Davies, Martin. (2011) "Concept mapping, mind mapping and argument mapping: What are the differences and do they matter?". Higher education, v. 62, n. 3, pp. 279-301.

DiCecco, Vonnie M; Gleason, Mary M. (2008) "Using graphic organizers to attain relational knowledge from expository text". Journal of learning disabilities, v. 35, n. 4, pp. 306-320.

Dogusoy, Berrin. (2010) "Experts’ & novices’ concept map formation process: an eye-tracking study". En: Fifth Doctoral Consortium at the European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, pp. 25-30.

Dogusoy, Berrin. (2012) "Cognitive analysis of experts' and novices'. concept mapping processes", Thesis of Computer Education and Instructional Technology Department, Middle East Technical University.

Dogusoy-Taylan, Berrin; Cagiltay, Kursat. (2014) "Cognitive analysis of experts’ and novices’ concept mapping processes: An eye tracking study". Computers in human behavior, v. 36, pp. 82-93.

Duchowski, Andrew (2003) Eye tracking methodology: Theory and practice, London: Springer.

Edmondson, Katherine M. (2000) "Assessing science understanding through concept maps". Assessing science understanding: A human constructivist view, pp. 15-40.

Epelboim, Julie; Suppes, Patrick. (2001) "A model of eye movements and visual working memory during problem solving in geometry". Vision research, v. 41, n. 12, pp. 1561-1574. [pii]

Eppler, Martin J. (2006) "A comparison between concept maps, mind maps, conceptual diagrams, and visual metaphors as complementary tools for knowledge construction and sharing". Information visualization, v. 5, n. 3, pp. 202-210.

Esiobu, Gladys O; Soyibo, Kola. (1995) "Effects of concept and vee mappings under three learning modes on students’ cognitive achievement in ecology and genetics". Journal of research in science teaching, v. 32, n. 9, pp. 971-995.

Estes, Thomas H.; Mills, Daniel C.; Barron, Richard F. (1969) "Three methods of introducing students to a reading-learning task in two content subjects". En Herber, Harold L.; Sanders, Peter L. (Eds). Research in reading in the content areas: First Year Report, pp. 44-47.

Findlay, John M.; Gilchrist, Iain D. (2003) Active vision: The psychology of looking and seeing, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Frenck-Mestre, Cheryl; Pynte, Joel. (1997) "Reading in second and native languages". Experimental psychology, n. 1, pp. 119-148.

Ghoniem, Mohammad; Fekete, Jean-Daniel; Castagliola, Philippe. (2004) "A comparison of the readability of graphs using node-link and matrix-based representations". IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization, pp. 17-24.

Ghoniem, Mohammad; Fekete, Jean-Daniel; Castagliola, Philippe. (2005) "On the readability of graphs using node-link and matrix-based representations: a controlled experiment and statistical analysis". Information visualization, v. 4, n. 2, pp. 114-135.

Grant, Elizabeth R.; Spivey, Michael J. (2003) "Eye movements and problem solving". Psychological science-cambridge, v. 14, n. 5, pp. 462-466.

Hall, Richard H; O’Donnel, Angela. (1996) "Cognitive and affective outcomes of learning from knowledge maps". Contemporary educational psychology, v. 21, pp. 94-101.

Haspelmath, Martín. (2003) "The geometry of grammatical meaning: Semantic maps and cross-linguistic comparison". The new psychology of language, v. II, n. 1976, pp. 1-30.

Haugwitz, Marion; Nesbit, John C.; Sandmann, Angela. (2010) "Cognitive ability and the instructional efficacy of collaborative concept mapping". Learning and individual differences, v. 20, n. 5, pp. 536-543.

Hay, David B. (2007) "Using concept maps to measure deep, surface and non‐learning outcomes". Studies in higher education, v. 32, n. 1, pp. 39-57.

Hegarty, Mary; Just, Marcel Adam. (1993) "Constructing mental models of machines from text and diagrams". Journal of memory and language, v. 32, n. 6, pp. 717-742.

Henry, Nathalie; Fekete, Jean Daniel; McGuffin, Michael J. (2007) "NodeTrix: A hybrid visualization of social networks". IEEE Transactions on visualization and computer graphics, v. 13, n. 6, pp. 1302-1309.

Holmqvist, Kenneth; Nyström, Marcus; Andersson, Richard; Dewhurst, Richard; Jarodzka, Halszka; Weijer, Joost Van De. (2011) Eye tracking: A comprehensive guide to methods and measures. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Holten, Danny; Van Wijk, Jarke J. (2009) "Force-Directed edge bundling for graph visualization". Computer graphics forum, v. 28, n. 3, pp. 983-990.

Horton, Phillip B.; McConney, Andrew a.; Gallo, Michael; Woods, Amanda L.; Senn, Gary J.; Hamelin, Denis. (1993) "An investigation of the effectiveness of concept mapping as an instructional tool". Science education, v. 77, n. 1, pp. 95-111.

Hyönä, Jukka. (2010) "The use of eye movements in the study of multimedia learning". Learning and instruction, v. 20, n. 2, pp. 172-176.

Jiang, Xiangying; Grabe, William. (2007) "Graphic organizers in reading instruction : Research findings and issues". Reading in a foreign language, v. 19, n. 1, pp. 34-55.

Jianu, Radu; Rusu, A.; Hu, Y.; Taggart, D. (2014) "How to display group information on node-link diagrams: An evaluation". IEEE Transactions on visualization and computer graphics, v. 20, n. 11, pp. 1530-1541.

Just, Marcel A.; Carpenter, Patricia A. (1980) "A theory of reading: from eye fixations to comprehension". Psychological review, v. 87, n. 4, pp. 329-354.

Karpicke, Jeffrey D; Blunt, Janell R. (2011) "Retrieval practice produces more learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping". Science (New York), v. 331, n. 6018, pp. 772-775.

Kinchin, Ian M.; Hay, David B.; Adams, Alan. (2000) "How a qualitative approach to concept map analysis can be used to aid learning by illustrating patterns of conceptual development". Educational research, v. 42, n. 1, pp. 43-57.

Kulhavy, Raymond W; Lee, J.Brandon; Caterino, Linda C. (1985) "Conjoint retention of maps and related discourse". Contemporary educational psychology, v. 10, n. 1, pp. 28-37.

Lai, Meng Lung; Tsai, Meng Jung; Yang, Fang Ying; Hsu, Chung Yuan; Liu, Tzu Chien; Lee, Silvia Wen Yu; Lee, Min Hsien; Chiou, Guo Li; Liang, Jyh Chong; Tsai, Chin Chung. (2013) "A review of using eye-tracking technology in exploring learning from 2000 to 2012". Educational research review, v. 10, n. 88, pp. 90-115.

Lambiotte, Judith G.; Dansereau, Donald F. (1992) "Effects of knowledge maps and prior knowledge on recall of science lecture content". The journal of experimental education, v. 60, n. 3, pp. 189-201.

Lambiotte, Judith G.; Dansereau, Donald F.; Cross, David R.; Reynolds, Sharon B. (1989) "Multirelacional semantic maps". Educational psychology review, v. 1, n. 4.

Leontyev, Aleksei Nikolaevich. (1972) Activity and consciousness, Moscow: Progress Publishers.

Lim, Kyu Yon; Lee, Hyeon Woo; Grabowski, Barbara. (2009) "Does concept-mapping strategy work for everyone? the levels of generativity and learners’ self-regulated learning skills". British journal of educational technology, v. 40, n. 4, pp. 606-618.

Liu, Han-Chin; Lai, Meng-Lung; Chuang, Hsueh-Hua. (2011) "Using eye-tracking technology to investigate the redundant effect of multimedia web pages on viewers’ cognitive processes". Computers in human behavior, v. 27, n. 6, pp. 2410-2417.

Liu, Pei-Lin; Wen, Pang-Cheng; Lai, Meng-Lung; Chiu-Jung Chen (2011) "Analyzing students’ eye movements of their EFL reading with concept mapping strategy". Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2011, pp. 31-38.

Liu, Pei Lin. (2014) "Using eye tracking to understand learners’ reading process through the concept-mapping learning strategy". Computers and education, v. 78, pp. 237-249.

Marcos, Mari-Carmen; González-Caro, Cristina. (2010) "Comportamiento de los usuarios en la página de resultados de los buscadores. Un estudio basado en eye tracking". El Profesional de la información, v. 19, n. 4, pp. 348-358.

Markham, Kimberly M; Mintzes, Joel J; Jones, M Gail. (1994) "The concept map as a research and evaluation tool: Further evidence of validity". Journal of research in science teaching, v. 31, n. 1, pp. 91-101.

Mayer, Richard E. (1979) "Can advance organizers influence meaningful learning?". Review of educational research, pp. 371-383.

Mayer, Richard E. (2010) "Unique contributions of eye-tracking research to the study of learning with graphics". Learning and instruction, v. 20, n. 2, pp. 167-171.

McCagg, Edward C.; Dansereau, Donald F. (1991) "A convergent paradigm for examining knowledge mapping as a learning strategy". Journal of educational research, v. 84, n. 6.

Merkley, Donna M.; Jefferies, Debra (2000) "Guidelines for implementing a graphic organizer". The reading teacher, v. 54, n. 4, pp. 350-357.

Milam, John H.; Santo, Susan A.; Heaton, Lisa A. (2000) "Concept maps for web-based applications". ERIC Technical Report, .

Molinari, Gaëlle; Sangin, Mirweis; Nüssli, Marc-Antoine; Dillenbourg, Pierre. (2008) "Effects of knowledge interdependence with the partner on visual and action transactivity in collaborative concept mapping". En: 8th International Conference of the Learning Sciences 2008 (ICLS 2008), pp. 91-98.

Moore, David W.; Readence, John F. (1984) "A quantitative and qualitative review of graphic organizer research". The journal of educational research, v. 78, n. 1, pp. 11-17.

Mu, Xiangming. (2010) "Towards effective video annotation: An approach to automatically link notes with video content". Computers & education, v. 55, n. 4, pp. 1752-1763.

Nesbit, John. C.; Larios, Hector; Olusola Adesope, Simon Fraser John Nesbit Hector Larios. (2007) "How students read concept maps : a study of eye movements". En: World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications, pp. 961-3970.

Nesbit, John C; Adesope, Olusola O. (2011) "Learning from animated concept maps with concurrent audio narration". Journal of experimental education, v. 79, n. 2, pp. 209-230.

Nesbit, John C.; Adesope, O. O. (2006) "Learning with concept and knowledge maps: A meta-analysis". Review of educational research, v. 76, n. 3, pp. 413-448.

Nesbit, John C.; Adesope, Olusola. (2005) "Dynamic concept maps". En: World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications, v. 2005, n. 1, pp. 4323-4329.

Nesbit, John C.; Adesope, Olusola O. (2013) "Concept maps for learning". En: Gregory Schraw; Matthew T. McCrudden; Daniel Robinson (Eds). Learning through visual displays. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. pp. 303-328.

Novak, Joseph D. (1990) "Concept mapping: A useful tool for science education". Journal of research in science teaching, v. 27, n. 10, pp. 937-949.

Novak, Joseph D. (1990) "Concept maps and Vee diagrams: two metacognitive tools to facilitate meaningful learning". Instructional science, v. 19, n. 1, pp. 29-52.

Novak, Joseph D. (1998) Learning, creating, and using knowledge: Concept maps(R) as facilitative tools in schools and corporations. Mahweh, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Novak, Joseph D.; Cañas, Alberto J. (2006) "La teoría subyacente a los mapas conceptuales y cómo construirlos"

Novak, Joseph D.; Gowin, D. B. (1984) Learning how to learn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521319269.

O’Donnell, Angela M.; Dansereau, Donald F.; Hall, Richard H. (2002) "Knowledge maps as scaffolds for cognitive processing". Educational psychology review.

Okebukola, Peter Akinsola; Olugbemiro, J. Jegede. (1988) "Cognitive preference and learning mode as determinants of meaningful learning through concept mapping". Science education, v. 72, n. 4, pp. 489-500.

Ozcelik, Erol; Arslan-Ari, Ismahan; Cagiltay, Kursat. (2010) "Why does signaling enhance multimedia learning? Evidence from eye movements". Computers in human behavior, v. 26, n. 1, pp. 110-117.

Ozcelik, Erol; Karakus, Turkan; Kursun, Engin; Cagiltay, Kursat. (2009) "An eye-tracking study of how color coding affects multimedia learning". Computers & education, v. 53, n. 2, pp. 445-453.

Paivio, Allan. (1986) Mental representations. New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195362004.

Paivio, Allan. (1991) "Dual coding theory: retrsoect and current status". Canadian journal of psychology, v. 45, n. 3, pp. 255-287.

Patterson, Michael E.; Dansereau, Donald F.; Wiegmann, Douglas a. (1993) "Receiving information during a cooperative episode: Effects of communication aids and verbal ability". Learning and individual differences, v. 5, n. 1, pp. 1-11.

Pearsall, N Renee; Skipper, J O E L J; Mintzes, Joel J. (1997) "Knowledge restructuring in the life sciences : A longitudinal study of conceptual change in biology". Science education, v. 81, pp. 193-215.<193::AID-SCE5>3.0.CO;2-A

Ponce, Hector R.; Mayer, Richard E. (2014) "An eye movement analysis of highlighting and graphic organizer study aids for learning from expository text". Computers in human behavior, v. 41, pp. 21-32.

Ponce, Hector R.; Mayer, Richard E. (2014) "Qualitatively different cognitive processing during online reading primed by different study activities". Computers in human behavior, v. 30, pp. 121-130.

Pradhan, A K; Divekar, G; Masserang, K; Romoser, M; Zafian, T; Blomberg, R D; Thomas, F D; Reagan, I; Knodler, M; Pollatsek, A; Fisher, D L. (2011) "The effects of focused attention training on the duration of novice drivers’ glances inside the vehicle". Ergonomics, v. 54, n. 10, pp. 917-931.

Quillian, M. Ross (1967) "Word concepts: a theory and simulation of some basic semantic capabilities". Behavioral science, v. 12, n. 5.

Rayner, Keith. (1998) "Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research". Psychological bulletin, v. 124, n. 3, pp. 372-422.

Rayner, Keith; Chace, Kathryn H.; Slattery, Timothy J.; Ashby, Jane. (2006) "Eye movements as reflections of comprehension processes in reading". Scientific studies of reading, v. 10, n. 3, pp. 241-255.

Robinson, Daniel H.; Katayama, Andrew D.; Dubois, Nelson F.; Devaney, Thomas. (1998) "Interactive effects of graphic organizers and delayed review on concept application". The journal of experimental education, v. 67, n. 1.

Robinson, Daniel H.; Kiewra, Kenneth A. (1995) "Visual argument: Graphic organizers are superior to outlines in improving learning from text". Journal of educational psychology, v. 87, n. 3, pp. 455-467.

Roth, Wolff-Michael; Roychoudhury, Anita. (1992) "The social construction of scientific concepts or the concept map as conscription device and tool for social thinking in high school science". Science education, v. 76, n. 5, pp. 531-557.

Roth, Wolff-Michael; Roychoudhury, Anita. (1993) "The concept map as a tool for the collaborative construction of knowledge: A microanalysis of high school physics students". Journal of research in science teaching, v. 30, n. 5, pp. 503-534.

Rovira, Cristòfol. (2013) "La consulta de mapes conceptuals: estudi mitjançant el seguiment de la mirada". BiD, v. 31.

Rovira, Cristòfol (2005). “El editor de mapas conceptuales DigiDocMap y la norma Topic Maps”., v. 3.

Rueda, Urko; Larranaga, Mikel; Arruarte, Ana; Elorriaga, Jon A. (2003) "Dynamic visualization of student models using concept maps". En: Artificial intelligence in education: Shaping the future of learning through intelligent technologies, v. 97, pp. 89-96.

Ruiz-Primo, M. A.; Shavelson, R. J. (1996) "Problems and issues in the use of concept maps in science assessment". Journal of research in science teaching, v. 33, n. 6, pp. 569-600.<569::AID-TEA1>3.0.CO;2-M

She, Hsiao Ching; Chen, Yi Zen. (2009) "The impact of multimedia effect on science learning: Evidence from eye movements". Computers and education, v. 53, n. 4, pp. 1297-1307.

Stewart, James. (1979) "Concept maps: A tool for use in biology teaching". American biology teacher, v. 41, n. 3, pp. 171-175.

Stoyanova, Neli; Kommers, Piet. (2002) "Concept mapping as a medium of shared cognition in computer-supported collaborative problem solving". Journal of interactive learning research, v. 13, n. 1, pp. 111-133.

Stull, Andrew T.; Mayer, Richard E. (2007) "Learning by doing versus learning by viewing: Three experimental comparisons of learner-generated versus author-provided graphic organizers". Journal of educational psychology, v. 99, n. 4, pp. 808-820.

Sturm, Janet M; Rankin-Erickson, Joan L. (2002) "Effects of hand-drawn and computer-generated concept mapping on the expository writing of middle school students with learning disabilities". Learning disabilities research & practice, v. 17, n. 2, pp. 124-139.

Sweller, John. (1988) "Cognitive load during problem solving: Effects on learning". Cognitive science, v. 12, n. 2, pp. 257-285.

Tramullas, Jesús; Sánchez-Casabón, Ana-I; Garrido-Picazo, Piedad. (2009) "Gestión de información personal con software para mapas conceptuales". El Profesional de la informacion, v. 18, n. 6, pp. 601-612.

Turns, Jennifer; Atman, Cynthia J.; Adams, Robin. (2000) "Concept maps for engineering education: A cognitively motivated tool supporting varied assessment functions". IEEE Transactions on education, v. 43, n. 2, pp. 164-173.

Underwood, Geoffrey; Jebbett, Lorraine; Roberts, Katharine. (2004) "Inspecting pictures for information to verify a sentence: Eye movements in general encoding and in focused search". The quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, human experimental psychology, v. 57, n. 1, pp. 165-182.

van Amelsvoort, Marije; van der Meij, Jan; Anjewierden, Anjo; van der Meij, Hans. (2013) "The importance of design in learning from node-link diagrams". Instructional science, v. 41, n. 5, pp. 833-847.

van Boxtel, Carla; van der Linden, Jos; Roelofs, Erik; Erkens, Gijsbert. (2002) "Collaborative concept mapping: Provoking and supporting meaningful discourse". Theory into practice, v. 41, n. 1, pp. 40-46.

Van Der Auwera, Johan. (2008) "In defense of classical semantic maps". Theoretical linguistics, v. 34, n. 1, pp. 39-46.

Van Der Auwera, Johan; Plungian, Vladimir A. (1998) "Modality’s semantic map". Linguistic typology, v. 2, n. 1.

van Gog, Tamara; Scheiter, Katharina. (2010) "Eye tracking as a tool to study and enhance multimedia learning". Learning and instruction, v. 20, n. 2, pp. 95-99.

Vekiri, Ioanna. (2002) "What is the value of graphical displays in learning?". Educational psychology review, v. 14, n. 3, pp. 261-312.

Wallacea, David S.; Westb, Sylvia Wandell Conner; Wareb, Anne; Dansereau, Donald F. (1998) "The effect of knowledge maps that incorporate gestalt principles on learning". The journal of experimental education, v. 67, n. 1, pp. 5-16.

Wallace, J D; Mintzes, J J. (1990) "The concept map as a research tool: Exploring conceptual change in biology". Journal of research in science teaching, v. 27, n. 10, pp. 1033-1052.

Waller, Robert. (1981) "Understanding network diagrams". En: Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association.

Ware, Colin; Gilman, Anne T.; Bobrow, Robert J. (2008) "Visual thinking with an interactive diagram". En: Diagrammatic Representation and Inference. 5th International Conference, Diagrams, pp. 118-126.

Wiebe, Eric. N; Minogue, James; Gail Jones, M; Cowley, Jennifer; Krebs, Denise. (2009) "Haptic feedback and students’ learning about levers: Unraveling the effect of simulated touch". Computers & education, v. 53, n. 3, pp. 667-676.

Wiegmann, Douglas; Dansereau, Donald F.; McCagg, Edward C.; Rewey, Kirsten L.; Pitre, Urvashi. (1992) "Effects of knowledge map characteristics on information processing". Contemporary educational psychology, v. 17, n. 2, pp. 136-155.

Willerman, Marvin; Mac Harg, Richard A. (1991) "The concept map as an advance organizer". Journal of research in science teaching, v. 28, n. 8, pp. 705-711.

Winn, William. (1991) "Learning from maps and diagrams". Educational psychology review, v. 3, n. 3, pp. 211-247.


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item