El paradigma de Comportamiento Informacional como alternativa para comprender los fenómenos informacionales en América Latina

Berrío-Zapata, Cristian and Mosso-Moreira, Fabio and Gonçalves-Sant’Ana, Ricardo Cesar and Muñoz-Ortega, María Liliana El paradigma de Comportamiento Informacional como alternativa para comprender los fenómenos informacionales en América Latina. Revista Interamericana de bibliotecología, 2016, vol. 39, n. 2, pp. 133-147. [Journal article (Paginated)]

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English abstract

Documentation science, a predecessor of information science, historically neglected to study a common person. As a product of the Fordist Era, documentation science supposed the value of any information on behavior was its technical and economic nature. In contrast, this article presents some of the contributions of the paradigm of informational behavior, which moves away from this trend, and it emphasizes on a formal standardized information system to study a common use and that user’s day-to-day life. Informational Behavior develops an ecological and evolutionary epistemology. Knowledge workers are no longer the only Community worthy of being studied. Today studies research communities, closed niches, excluded groups, and representative populations of vast human majorities. For information science, in developing countries, this is an opportunity to understand situation update information on users from other perspectives and critically evaluate imported concepts like the digital divide, which is based on, and utilitarian technocentric vision of the classic paradigm.

Spanish abstract

La Ciencia de la Documentación, predecesora de las Ciencias de la Información, históricamente descuidó el estudio del hombre común. Como producto de la era fordista, suponía que el valor de cualquier comportamiento informacional era su carácter técnico y económico. Como contrapunto, este artículo presenta algunos de los aportes el paradigma del Comportamiento Informacional, que abandona esta tendencia y su énfasis en el sistema de información, formal y estandarizado, para estudiar al usuario común y su día a día. El Comportamiento Informacional desarrolla una epistemología ecológica y evolutiva. Los Trabajadores del Conocimiento ya no son la única comunidad digna de estudio. Se investigan las comunidades, los nichos cerrados, los grupos excluidos, poblaciones representativas de las grandes mayorías de la humanidad. Para la Ciencia de la Información en países en desarrollo esta es una oportunidad para comprender la situación de sus usuarios informacionales desde otras perspectivas y evaluar críticamente conceptos importados tales como la Brecha Digital, cuya base está en la visión utilitaria y tecnocentrista del paradigma clásico.

Item type: Journal article (Paginated)
Keywords: comportamiento de información, brecha digital, TIC, ciencia de la información; Information Behavior, digital divide, ICT, information science.
Subjects: C. Users, literacy and reading. > CE. Literacy.
G. Industry, profession and education. > GA. Information industry.
Depositing user: Luis Carlos Toro Tamayo
Date deposited: 07 Feb 2017 22:15
Last modified: 07 Feb 2017 22:15
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10760/30252

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