Problematic uses of ICTs among young people in their personal and school life

Rodríguez-Gómez, David and Castro, Diego and Meneses, Julio Problematic uses of ICTs among young people in their personal and school life. Comunicar, 2018, vol. 26, n. 56, pp. 91-100. [Journal article (Paginated)]

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English abstract

Studies on ICT use in education usually focus on ICT’s contribution to training processes. However, scarce research has concentrated on the problematic use of ICT among young people in the school context, and most of it approaches the problem from a psychopathological perspective. The purpose of this paper, in contrast, is to analyse problematic ICT use among young people in their personal and school setting. The methodology involved applying a questionnaire to a sample of 1,052 youths aged between 12 and 18 years old. The study starts with a univariate and bivariate descriptive analysis. Subsequently, three Poisson regression models were developed to evaluate the contribution of several predictor variables to the three types of problematic uses identified in their sphere, learning processes and classroom relationships. Results show a relationship between problematic ICT use in personal and school settings, with older youths who use smartphones (the) most likely to engage in this type of behaviour. The use of mobile technology largely explains the problematic behaviour in the use of ICT among young people in personal and school contexts, which justifies the need to promote actions contributing to more responsible use of this type of technology in all areas of their personal, school and social life.

Spanish abstract

Los estudios sobre el uso de las TIC en educación suelen analizar su contribución a los procesos formativos. Son escasas las investigaciones centradas en los usos problemáticos de las TIC que realizan los jóvenes en el contexto escolar y, la mayoría, lo abordan desde una perspectiva psicopatológica. El propósito del presente artículo es analizar los usos problemáticos de las TIC entre jóvenes en su ámbito personal y escolar. La metodología consistió en la aplicación de un cuestionario a 1.052 jóvenes de entre 12 y 18 años. El estudio se inicia con un análisis univariante y bivariante. Posteriormente, se desarrollan tres modelos de regresión de Poisson para valorar la contribución de diversas variables predictoras sobre tres tipos de usos problemáticos identificados en: el ámbito personal, los procesos de aprendizaje y las relaciones de aula. Los resultados muestran una relación entre los usos problemáticos en el ámbito personal y escolar, siendo los chicos de mayor edad y que utilizan intensivamente los «smartphones» los que más probabilidades tienen de incurrir en este tipo de comportamientos. El uso de la tecnología móvil explica en gran medida las conductas inadecuadas en el uso de las TIC en los ámbitos personal y escolar entre los jóvenes, lo que justifica la necesidad de promover actuaciones que contribuyan a un uso más responsable de este tipo de tecnología en todos los ámbitos de su vida personal, escolar y social.

Item type: Journal article (Paginated)
Keywords: ICT; young people; digital behaviour; mobile devices; school; learning; personal relationships; quantitative analysis; TIC; jóvenes; comportamiento digital; dispositivos móviles; escuela; aprendizaje; relaciones personales; análisis cuantitativo
Subjects: B. Information use and sociology of information > BJ. Communication
G. Industry, profession and education.
G. Industry, profession and education. > GH. Education.
Depositing user: Alex Ruiz
Date deposited: 23 Jul 2018 14:50
Last modified: 23 Jul 2018 14:50


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