Cosas de mujeres: lectura y penitenciaría

Sequeiros, Paula . Cosas de mujeres: lectura y penitenciaría., 2019 In: Las prácticas de lectura en los recintos penitenciarios de la región de Valparaíso. Universidad de Playa Ancha; Canita Cartonera, pp. 91-101. [Book chapter]

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English abstract

The patriarchal oppression reserved a social, symbolic place for women, framed by segregation, devaluation of their work and social role. At the same time, this oppression developed surveillance and moral punishment practices aimed at the biological reproduction and to the reproduction of the conditions of everyday life. Social reproduction, is taught as a "women's thing." From the modern era of the Western world, detention houses and hospices or hospitals were created to “save” women from economic, mental or sexual conditions considered dangerous by local authorities or by the “heads” of their own family. The perplexity expressed by Mary Bosworth (2000) remains relevant: after decades, centuries, and with variations of national, criminal, political, and epochal scope, these prisons were shaped by norms of moralization built around "femininity", with surprising features of the historical permanence of inequality. Strong socio-cultural markers to retain: the readers of the researched library were, to a large extent, women from popular classes, which is not frequent in Portuguese public libraries. As I could observe, very few of the women I interacted with had ever entered a library. Racialized women, mainly the romani and black, were quantitatively represented in numbers far higher than those estimated for these groups in Portugal at large.

Spanish abstract

La opresión patriarcal reservó a las mujeres un lugar social, simbólico, enmarcado por segregación, desvalorización de su trabajo y rol social. Al mismo tiempo desarrolló practicas de vigilancia y punición moral dirigidas a la reproducción biológica y a la reproducción de las condiciones de la vida cotidiana. Esta, la reproducción social, se imparte como “cosa de mujeres”. Desde la era moderna del mundo occidental, casas de detención y hospicios o hospitales se crearon para “guardar” mujeres de condición económica, mental o sexual considerada peligrosa por las autoridades locales o por los “jefes” de su misma familia. La perplejidad expresada por Mary Bosworth (2000) sigue siendo pertinente: tras décadas, siglos, y con variaciones de ámbito nacional, penal, político, epocal, esas prisiones fueron conformadas por normas de moralización en torno a la “feminidad”, con sorprendentes rasgos de permanencia histórica de desigualdad. Unos fuertes marcadores socio-culturales a retener: las lectoras de la biblioteca pesquisada eran, en buena medida, mujeres de clases populares, lo que no es frecuente en bibliotecas públicas portuguesas. Como pude constatar, poquísimas de las mujeres con que interactué había alguna vez entrado a una biblioteca. Las mujeres racializadas, principalmente gitanas y negras, tenían ahí representación numérica muy superior a la estimada para esta población en el Portugal, en general.

Item type: Book chapter
Keywords: female prisons, reading, social inequalities, feminism, prisiones de mujeres, lectura, desigualdades sociales, feminismo
Subjects: C. Users, literacy and reading.
C. Users, literacy and reading. > CF. Reading and story telling.
Depositing user: Ana Paula Sequeiros
Date deposited: 03 Dec 2019 00:09
Last modified: 03 Dec 2019 00:09
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10760/39296

References

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Sequeiros, Paula (2018). “‘Holding the dream’: women’s favorite readings in a Portuguese prison.” Qualitative sociology review 14(1):110–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.18778/1733-8077.14.1.06.

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