Predmetno pretraživanje u knjižničnim katalozima s web-sučeljem : magistarski rad

Golub, Koraljka Predmetno pretraživanje u knjižničnim katalozima s web-sučeljem : magistarski rad., 2003 Master's thesis thesis, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Zagreb (Croatia). [Thesis]

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English abstract

Subject retrieval in web-based library catalogs : Master’s thesis. This thesis has been motivated by past research, problems and realizations that online library catalog users frequently perform subject searches - using keywords, subject headings and descriptors - and these searches have yielded unsatisfactory results. Web-based catalogs or WebPACs (Web-based Online Public Access Catalogs), belonging to the so-called third generation of online catalogs and providing a wide variety of search options, remain largely underutilized despite the continuous advancement of information retrieval systems. Users still encounter a number of problems, such as those related to translating their concepts to the language of the catalog's system and cross-references prepared to this purpose. Subject access in online library catalogs can be provided through different access points. To that purpose natural and controlled indexing and retrieval languages are used, and each among them has its advantages and downsides. Natural language indexing is performed by the computer, in which process words from defined fields are automatically extracted. Controlled indexing languages are those in which selection of terms to be assigned to documents is manually performed. These are, for example, classification systems, subject heading languages and thesauri. During the 1970s, a consensus was reached that the best retrieval results are gained when using both types of indexing languages simultaneously. Apart from indexing languages, it is necessary to take into account user search behavior; and while designing user interface one has to allow for the users' skills and knowledge - ensuring instruction, help and feedback information at every step of the retrieval process. The aim of the research was to determine the variety and quality of subject access to information in WebPACs of British university libraries, including searching by words or classification marks, natural and controlled languages, browsing options, and forming simple and complex queries in order to conclude about existing advancements, offered models and employed methods and compare them to WebPACs of Croatian university libraries.

Croatian abstract

Polazišta su ovome radu dosadašnja istraživanja, problemi i spoznaje koje upućuju na to da se korisnici knjižničnih kataloga najčešće oslanjaju na predmetna pretraživanja, odnosno ključne riječi, pojmove iz predmetnih sustava i tezaurusa, a da su takva pretraživanja, sa stajališta zadovoljstva korisnika dobivenim rezultatima, nedovoljno uspješna. Iako svojstva WebPAC-a (Web-based Online Public Access Catalogs – knjižnični katalozi s web-sučeljem), koji pripadaju tzv. trećoj generaciji online knjižničnih kataloga, obuhvaćaju velike mogućnosti pretraživanja, te su mogućnosti danas uglavnom neiskorištene pa se korisnici i nadalje, unatoč stalnom unaprjeđivanju sustava za predmetno pretraživanje, susreću s mnogim problemima, kao što su problemi vezani uz vještinu prevođenja zahtjeva odnosno misaonih koncepata pojedinca na jezik kataloga, sustave upućivanja koji se za njih priređuju i sl. Predmetni pristup u online knjižničnim katalozima može se osigurati putem različitih pristupnica. U tu svrhu rabe se tzv. prirodni i umjetni jezici za označivanje, a svaki među njima ima određene prednosti i nedostatke. Označivanje prirodnim jezikom obavlja se računalom, tako da se iz određenih polja bibliografskog zapisa automatski preuzimaju sve riječi. Kontrolirani jezici za označivanje indeksni su jezici u kojima odabir i pridruživanje pojmova dokumentima nadzire čovjek. To mogu biti klasifikacijski sustavi, tezaurusi, popisi predmetnih odrednica i drugi predmetni sustavi. Tijekom 1970-ih godina opće je prihvaćeno mišljenje da se najbolje pretraživanje postiže usporednim korištenjem jezika za označivanje. Osim jezika za pretraživanje, potrebno je poznavati ponašanje korisnika pri pretraživanju, a pri oblikovanju sučelja za pretraživanje uzeti u obzir znanje i vještine korisnika, osigurati upute, pomoć i povratnu informaciju na svakom koraku tijekom pretraživanja. Cilj istraživanja bio je utvrditi raznolikost i kvalitetu predmetnog pristupa informacijama u WebPAC-ima britanskih sveučilišnih knjižnica, od mogućnosti pretraživanja po riječima, odnosno oznakama, prirodnog i kontroliranog jezika, mogućnosti prebiranja (browsing) do oblikovanja jednostavnih i složenih upita kako bi se zaključilo o dosadašnjim postignućima, ponuđenim modelima i korištenim metodama, te provela usporedna analiza na WebPAC-ima hrvatskih sveučilišnih knjižnica.

Item type: Thesis (UNSPECIFIED)
Keywords: britanske sveučilišne knjižnice, hrvatske sveučilišne knjižnice, korisničko sučelje, online knjižnični katalozi, ponašanje korisnika pri pretraživanju, predmetne pristupnice, predmetno pretraživanje, sustavi za označivanje i pretraživanje, WebPAC-i; British university libraries, Croatian university libraries, indexing and retrieval systems, online library catalogs, subject access points, subject retrieval, user interface, user search behavior, WebPACs
Subjects: I. Information treatment for information services > IC. Index languages, processes and schemes.
Depositing user: Koraljka Golub
Date deposited: 22 Mar 2005
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:00
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10760/6055

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