Affective and Cognitive Information Behavior: Interaction Effects in Internet Use

Nahl, Diane Affective and Cognitive Information Behavior: Interaction Effects in Internet Use., 2005 . In 68th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIST), Charlotte (US), 28 October - 2 November 2005. [Conference paper]


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English abstract

The presence and influence of affective variables in information behavior was studied. Affective load (AL), a compound variable consisting of uncertainty and technophobia measures, was found to be present in a variety of simple and complex information tasks integrated into upper-division, disciplinary coursework. Affective load was higher in those who reported low values of affective coping skills and who had either high or low cognitive assessment scores. Affective coping skills (ACS) consist of self-efficacy (SE) and optimism (Op) measures. High self-efficacy and optimism have been found to significantly and beneficially influence success in a variety of information tasks, by counteracting the effects of negative emotions such as irritation and frustration. In this study, high coping skills provided a significant affective advantage as indicated by higher optimism, stronger self-efficacy, lower uncertainty, higher support and acceptance of the system and lower affective load. The group with high cognitive skills reported significantly higher optimism, higher affective coping skills and higher felt exercise of control, demonstrating an interaction between cognitive and affective skills. There was a distinct advantage for those who had both high affective coping skills and high cognitive skills. They experienced relatively low affective load and high acceptance of the system.

Item type: Conference paper
Keywords: affective load ; information seeking
Subjects: C. Users, literacy and reading. > CB. User studies.
Depositing user: Norm Medeiros
Date deposited: 07 Feb 2006
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:02


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