Archives in Pakistan

Haider, Syed Jalaluddin Archives in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Library & Information Science, 2006, n. 7, pp. 5-32. [Journal article (Paginated)]


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English abstract

Pakistan came into being on August 14, 1947 as a result of the partition of British India. On its east and southeast lies India, on the north and northwest is Afghanistan, to the west is Iran, and toward the south is the Arabian Sea. Pakistan shares a common border with China. According to the 1998 Census, its population included 135 million citizens and estimates suggest that number increased to 145 million by 2003. Two-thirds of the population live in rural areas, and engage in agriculture as the main source of livelihood. The majority of the population is composed of Muslims; the remaining are Hindus, Christians, and Parsees. About twenty languages are spoken in Pakistan. Urdu is the national language of the country, but English continues to be used for education, commercial, and other official purposes. Pakistan’s literacy rate was 47 percent in 1998. Politically, Pakistan is a federation of four provinces (Punjab, Sindh, Northwest Frontier Province, and Balochistan). Administratively, the provinces are comprised of districts, which are divided into small subdivisions (Tehsils). These are further divided into union councils.

Item type: Journal article (Paginated)
Keywords: History--Archives--Pakistan Role--Archives--Pakistan Funcations--Archives--Pakistan
Subjects: D. Libraries as physical collections. > DL. Archives.
Depositing user: Maqsood Shaheen
Date deposited: 27 Jul 2006
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:04


This information is derived from numerous sources, including the various editions of the Pakistan Year Book and Economic Survey of Pakistan.

Atique Zafar Sheikh, National Archives of Pakistan (Islamabad: Department of Archives, Government of Pakistan, 1981).

Ali Ashraf, Tahafuzz Dastavezat wa Kutub Khana [in Urdu: Tr. Preservation of Documents and Libraries] (Islamabad: Muqtadara Qaumi Zaban, 1993).

Partition Council. Division of Libraries, Archives and Museums. Proceedings, chapter VI, 137. Quoted in Sheikh, 2.

Pakistan Educational Conference, held at Karachi from November 27 to December 1, 1947, Proceedings (Karachi: Pakistan Educational Conference, 1948), 37, 39.

Pakistan Historical Records and Archives Commission, Proceedings of the First Meeting, held at Karachi on 3rd and 4th December, 1948 (Karachi: the Commission, 1948), I, II.

Anis Khurshid, “Standards for Library Education in Burma, Ceylon, India and Pakistan” (unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, 1969), 240-242, 251. Asadullah was the husband of Muhammad Ali’s maternal aunt. See Hameeda Akhter Husain Raipuri, Hamsafar (Karachi: Maktab-i-Danyal, 1999), 266.

Pakistan Historical Records and Archives Commission, Proceedings of the Second Session held at Peshawar, February 1954 (Karachi: the Commission, 1954), 15.

Humayan A. K. Kabir, “Development of the National Archives of Pakistan,” Pakistan Library Bulletin I (September 1968): 53.

Pakistan Planning Commission, Second Five Year Plan,1960-65 (Karachi: the Commission, 1960), 351.

Mahmudul Hasan Siddiqui, “Dr. Qureshi: A Pioneer Archivist,” in Dr. Qureshi Ishtiaq Husain Memorial Volume II, ed. Hilal Ahmad Zubairi (Karachi: Dr. Ishtiaq Husain Qureshi Academy, 1994), 42.

The Quaid-i-Azam Papers were originally part of the Archives of the Freedom Movement, University of Karachi.

Timothy A. Slavin, “The National Archives of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan,” The American Archivist 54 (Spring 1991): 222.

National Archives Act, 1993 (Islamabad: National Archives of Pakistan, 1994). In fact, it took almost 20 years to have enacted this Act after the creation of National Archives of Pakistan. Earlier in 1975, the Archival Material (Preservation and Control) Act was passed by the Parliament.

Siddiqui, [A] Handbook of Archive & Archival Material on Pakistan Freedom Struggle, ed. M. H. Siddiqui, assisted by Aqeeluzzafar Khan. (Karachi: University of Karachi, 1988) p. xxiv. The All India Muslim League, founded in 1906, was the political party responsible for the creation of Pakistan.

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Tariq Mansoor Jalali. 1984. “Directorate of Archives–NWFP,” The Pakistan Archives 1 (Jan/June 1984): 115-118.

Bahzad Alam Khan, “Sindh Archives Department in Disarray,” Daily Dawn,15 May 2001, p. 18.

Martin Moir, “Administering and Preserving District Records in Pakistan,” Information Development 6 (July 1990): 145-149.

National Archives of India. Available from (August 10, 1997).

S. M. Jaffar, Archives (Peshawar: Central Record Office (N.W.F.P), 1949), i-ii.

Ashraf, “Conservation Problems in the Archives of South Region,” The Pakistan Archives II (Jan/Dec 1985-1988): 89.

Moir, “Archives in Pakistan: Some Impressions and Suggestions,” The Pakistan Archives 1 (Jan/June 1984): 80-81.

Moir, “Archives in Pakistan: Some Recent Developments,” SALG Newsletter (South Asian Library Group) No. 21 (1983): 10-11

Rafia Ahmad Sheikh, Personal communication, August 22, 2003.

Sindh University. Outline of the Course Post-Graduate Diploma in Archive Studies (mimeo).

Rafia Ahmad Sheikh, Personal communication, August 22, 2003.

Karachi University. Department of Library Science, Librarianship as a Career (Karachi: the Department, 1966).

Ashraf, Conservation, 88-89.

Siddiqui, [A] Handbook of Archive & Archival Material on Pakistan Freedom Struggle (1988).


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