Indian Science & Technology Research: A scientometric Mapping Based on Science Citation Index

Kademani, B. S. and Anil, Sagar and Vijai, Kumar Indian Science & Technology Research: A scientometric Mapping Based on Science Citation Index., 2006 [Preprint]


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This paper attempts to analyse quantitatively the growth and development of Science and Technology research in India in terms of publication output as reflected in Science Citation Index (SCI) (1990-2004). Total of 182111 papers were published by the Indian scientists and engineers to various domains: Chemical Sciences (62856) (34.52%), Physical Sciences (53844) (29.57%), Medical Sciences (30143) (16.55%), Biological Sciences (18239) (10.02%), Multidisciplinary Sciences (8616) (4.73%), Agricultural Sciences (5461) (3.00%) and Geological Sciences (2952) (1.62%). The study also focused on the visualization of Indian contribution to various micro-domains: Chemistry-Multidisciplinary (10800), Organic Chemistry (10362), Materials Science-Multidisciplinary (8107), Multidisciplinary Sciences (7771), Physics-multidisciplinary (7112), Condensed Matter Physics (6938), Physical Chemistry (5931), and Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (5307). A total of 168 micro-domains were identified in which the scientific research in India is concentrated. A steady growth of publications was observed. The average number of publications per year were 12140.73. The highest number of publications (15414) were published in 2003. Single authored papers were 18224 (10%) and Multi-authored papers were 163887 (90%). Authorship and collaboration trend was towards multi-authored papers. Five hundred fifty nine papers had more than 100 authors each. There were 371 papers with 255 authors each and 51 papers with 225 authors each. Intensive international collaboration was found during the period and bilateral collaboration accounted for 13.67 percent of the total 31186 collaborative papers followed by trilateral collaboration with 2.27 percent. India had collaboration with 167 countries. The highest number of papers collaborated were 11869 with USA followed by 4640 papers with Germany, 3202 papers with England and 2988 papers with Japan. A comparative publication productivity between India and Peoples-R-China has been carried out. India was ahead of Peoples-R-China till 1996. Peoples-R-China out paced India in 1997. The highly productive Indian Institutes were: Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore with 10247 publications, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai with 6782 publications, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai with 5132 publications and Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi with 4487 publications. The most preferred journals by the scientists were: Current Science (6848), Indian Journal Chemistry-B (3566), Indian Journal Chemistry-A (3272) and Pramana (1904).

Item type: Preprint
Keywords: Scientometrics; Bibliometrics; Mapping; R & D Institutes; Publication productivity; Authorship pattern; Collaboration Coefficient; Channels of communication; India
Subjects: B. Information use and sociology of information > BA. Use and impact of information.
B. Information use and sociology of information > BB. Bibliometric methods
B. Information use and sociology of information
Depositing user: * Anil Sagar
Date deposited: 15 Nov 2006
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:05


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