El fraude en la ciencia: reflexiones a partir del caso Hwang

Delgado-López-Cózar, Emilio and Torres-Salinas, Daniel and Roldán-López, Álvaro El fraude en la ciencia: reflexiones a partir del caso Hwang. El profesional de la información, 2007, vol. 16, n. 2, pp. 143-150. [Journal article (Paginated)]


Download (334kB) | Preview

English abstract

In 2006 Hwang's fraudulent papers published in Science on stem cell research re-opened the debate on scientific misconduct. Taking this as a starting point, some reflections are put forward on the dimension of fraud in science. The singularity of Hwang's case, due to its scientific, social and media impact, is examined as a consequence of the persuasion mechanisms systematised in the so-called Routes of Scholarly Lying. Furthermore, the reasons for publishing fraudulent research, the inefficiency of peer review for detecting it, and the various mechanisms for managing and eradicating it, are presented.

Spanish abstract

En 2006 el fraude cometido por Hwang en dos trabajos publicados en Science acerca de la investigación sobre células madre (stem cells) volvió a abrir el debate sobre las prácticas deshonestas en el mundo de la ciencia. A partir del mismo se reflexiona sobre las dimensiones del fraude en la ciencia y se analiza la singularidad del caso Hwang por su impacto científico, social y mediático como consecuencia de los mecanismos de persuasión sistematizados en la denominada Rutas de la mentira científica. Asimismo, se presentan las causas que conducen a la publicación de investigaciones fraudulentas, la ineficacia del arbitraje científico para detectarlas y los diversos mecanismos existentes para su gestión y erradicación.

Item type: Journal article (Paginated)
Keywords: Ética, Ciencia, Fraude científico, Deshonestidad científica, Publicación científica, Revisión por pares, Caso Hwang, Ethics, Science, Scientific fraud, Scientific misconduct, Scholarly publishing, Peer review, Hwang affair
Subjects: E. Publishing and legal issues. > ED. Intellectual property: author's rights, ownership, copyright, copyleft, open access.
C. Users, literacy and reading. > CA. Use studies.
B. Information use and sociology of information > BC. Information in society.
G. Industry, profession and education. > GZ. None of these, but in this section.
B. Information use and sociology of information > BF. Information policy
B. Information use and sociology of information > BG. Information dissemination and diffusion.
Depositing user: Estrella Rentero Castillo
Date deposited: 14 Jul 2007
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:08
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10760/9979


Armstrong, J. S. "Peer review for journals: evidence on quality control, fairness, and innovation". En: Science and engineering ethics, 1997, v. 3, pp. 63-84. Battaglia, M. Retractions 1966-99. http://pages2.inrete.it/mbiomed/rtrx6699.htm

Campanario, J. M. "Commentary: on influential books and journal articles initially rejected because negative referees' evaluations". En: Science communication, 1995, v. 16, pp. 304-325.

Campanario, J. M. "El sistema de revisión por expertos (peer review): muchos problemas y pocas soluciones". En: Revista española de documentación científica, 2002, v. 25, n. 3, pp. 166-184.

Epstein, W. M. "Confirmational response bias among social work journals". En: Science, technology and human values, 1990, v. 15, pp. 9-38.

Friedman, L.; Richter, E. D. "Relationship between conflicts of interest and research". En: Journal of general and internal medicine, 2004, v. 19, pp. 51-56.

Jiménez, D. Entrevista al científico surcoreano Woo Suk Hwang, creador de ‘Snuppy’. http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2005/08/03/ciencia/1123078892.html

Jurdant, B. Imposturas científicas: los malentendidos del caso Sokal. Cátedra: Madrid, 2003, Isbn 84-376-2079-1.

Kleinert, S.; Theobald, J.; Wager, E.; Godlee, F. For which cases of suspected misconduct do editors seek advice? An observational study of all cases submitted to COPE. http://www.ama-assn.org/public/peer/abstracts.html

Kobn, A. False prophets: fraud and error in science and medicine. New York: Basil Blackwell, 1988, Isbn 0-6311-6237-2.

Nath, S.; Marcus, S.; Druss, B. G. "Retractions in the research literature: misconduct or mistakes?". En: The medical journal of Australia, 2006, v. 185, n. 3, pp. 152-154.

Peters, D. S.; Ceci, S. J. "Peer-review practices of psychological journals: the fate of published articles, submitted again". En: The behavioral artd brain sciences, 1982, v. 5, pp. 187-195.

Trocchio, F. Las mentiras de la ciencia. Madrid: Alianza, 1997, Isbn 84-206-3988-5.

Woloshin, S.; Schwartz, L. "Translating research into news". En: JAMA, 2002, v. 287, n. 21, pp. 2.856-2.858.


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item