O resumo estruturado como recurso na disseminação da produção científica na área da saúde

Simões, Maria da Graça and Freitas, M. Cristina V. de and Borges, Maria Manuel and Ferreira, Carla O resumo estruturado como recurso na disseminação da produção científica na área da saúde., 2013 . In Congresso ISKO Espanha e Portugal, I, Porto, 7 a 9 de Novembro de 2013. [Conference paper]

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (706kB) | Preview

English abstract

This study addresses the structured abstract as a resource in the dissemination of scientific production of Health Sciences and aims to examine the key documents that guide its design and verify the coincidence between the discourse and the practice of this type of resume in the analysed area. This is a qualitative approach, formalised in two strategies: (i) selective review of the literature in the United States, including the ANSI / NISO Z39.14-1997 and the principles established by the Ad Hoc Working Group for Critical Appraisal of the Medical Literature, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the National Library of Medicine, (ii) and a case study regarding the application of the structured abstract of Health Sciences current titles in SciELO Portugal, focused on the "Instructions to authors" and issues published in the first and last available years. The main results show a reasonable application of the structured format in the set of original and review articles (47,91%) published in the last analysed year, highlighting the performance of two titles (20%) which reached values between 90 and 100%. In all of the clinical trials published in the same period, the application of the structured abstract is less expressive (28,84%), highlighting the performance of two titles (33,33%), by the total compliance with this aspect. As main conclusion, we recommend greater involvement of editors and referees in this process, whether to include a structured abstract in the instructions to authors, either to look after their application in manuscripts accepted for publication.

Portuguese abstract

Aborda-se o resumo estruturado enquanto recurso na disseminação da produção científica da área da Saúde, examinam-se os principais documentos que orientam a sua elaboração e verifica-se a coincidência entre o discurso e a prática deste tipo de resumo na área analisada. Trata-se de uma abordagem qualitativa, formalizada em duas estratégias: (i) revisão seletiva da literatura especializada nos Estados Unidos da América, nomeadamente da norma ANSI/NISO Z39.14-1997 e dos princípios estabelecidos pelo Ad Hoc Working Group for Critical Appraisal of the Medical Literature, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors e pela National Library of Medicine (ii) estudo de caso da aplicação do resumo estruturado nos títulos correntes da SciELO Portugal, focalizado nas “Instruções aos autores” e nos fascículos publicados no primeiro e no último ano disponíveis. Os principais resultados revelam uma aplicação razoável do formato estruturado no conjunto dos artigos originais ou de revisão (47,91%) publicados nos números do último ano analisado, realçando o desempenho de dois títulos (20%), que atingiram valores entre 90 e 100%. No conjunto dos casos clínicos publicados no mesmo período, a aplicação do resumo estruturado é menos expressiva (28,84%), destacando-se dois títulos (33,33%), pela total conformidade com este aspeto. Comparativamente, os números globais do último ano representam uma pequena elevação (artigos científicos, 7,1%; casos clínicos, 5,79%) em relação ao primeiro ano analisado. Como principal conclusão recomenda-se um maior envolvimento dos editores e dos árbitros, quer para incluírem o resumo estruturado nas instruções aos autores, quer para zelarem pela sua aplicação nos manuscritos submetidos.

Item type: Conference paper
Keywords: Structured abstract. ANSI/NISO Z39.14-1997. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). National Library of Medicine.
Subjects: I. Information treatment for information services > IZ. None of these, but in this section.
Depositing user: Carla Ferreira
Date deposited: 04 Dec 2013 22:22
Last modified: 02 Oct 2014 12:29
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10760/20874


Ad Hoc Working Group for Critical Appraisal of the Medical Literature (1987). A Proposal for More informative Abstracts of Clinical Articles Annals of Internal Medicine, 106 (4):598-604.

Addressing the Limitations of Structured Abstracts. (2004). Annals of Internal Medicine, 140(6), 480. ANSI/NISO Z39.14-1997. (1997). Guidelines for Abstracts.: <http://research.mlanet.org/structured_abstract.html>.

BRIET, S. (1960). Que es la documentación?. Santa Fé, Argentina: Imprenta de La Universidad Nacional del Litoral.

CREMMINS, E. T. (1982). The art of abstracting. Philadelphia: ISI Press.

BAYLEY L, & ELDREDGE J. (2003). The structured abstract: an essential tool for researchers.

Hypothesis, 17 ,1, 11-13. Retrieved from

DIJKERS, M. P. J. M. (2003). Searching the literature for information on traumatic spinal cord injury: the usefulness of abstracts. Spinal cord, 41(2), 76–84. doi:10.1038/sj.sc.3101414.

FLEMING, P. S., BUCKLEY, N., SEEHRA, J., POLYCHRONOPOULOU, A., & PANDIS, N. (2012). Reporting quality of abstracts of randomized controlled trials published in leading orthodontic journals from 2006 to 2011. American journal of orthodontics and dento facial orthopedics: official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 142(4), 451–458. doi:10.1016/j.ajodo.2012.05.013.

GUÉDON, J.-C. (2001). In Oldenburg’s Long Shadow  : Librarians, Research Scientists, Publishers, and the Control of Scientific Publishing. Creating the Digital Future Association of Research Libraries 138th Annual Meeting (Vol. 138, p. 69). Association of Research Libraries.

GUIMARÃES, C. A. (2006). Structured Abstracts . Narrative Review Resumos estruturados . Revisão narrativa. Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira, 21(4), 263–268.

HARTLEY, J. (1997). Is it appropriate to use structured abstracts in social science journals? Learned Publishing, 10(4), 313–317. doi:10.1087/09531519750146789.

HARTLEY, J. (2000). Clarifying the abstracts of systematic literature reviews. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 88, 4, 332–7. Retrieved from: <http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=35254&tool=pmcentrez&rende rtype=abstract>.

HARTLEY, J. (2004). Current findings from research on structured abstracts. Medical Library Association, 92, 3, 368–371.

HARTLEY, J., & Benjamin, M. (1998). An evaluation of structured abstracts in journals published by the British Psychological Society. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 68(3), 443–456. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8279.1998.tb01303.x

HARTLEY, J., & BETTS, L. (2009). Common weaknesses in traditional abstracts in the social sciences. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 60(10), 2010–2018. doi:10.1002/asi.21102.

HARTLEY, J., SYDES, M., & BLURTON, A. (1996). Obtaining information accurately and quickly: are structured abstracts more efficient? Journal of Information Science, 22(5), 349–356. doi:10.1177/016555159602200503

HUTH, M. (1987). Structured Abstracts for Papers Reporting Clinical Trials. Annals of Internal Medicine, 106(4), 626–627.

ICMJE (2010). Preparing a Manuscript for Submission to a Biomedical Journal: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication. Retrieved from: <http://www.icmje.org/urm_full.pdf>.

International Federation for Documentation - FID. (1965). Abstracting Services. The Hague: FID.

ISO 214:1976 (1976). Documentation: Abstracts for publications and documentation.

LANCASTER, F. W. (1991). Indexing and Abstracting in Theory and Practice. University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library and Information Science.

LAWLOR, B. (2003). Abstracting and Information Services  : Managing the Flow of Scholarly Communication — Past , Present , and Future. Serials Review, 29(3), 200–209.

LODGE H. (1998). Improving the accuracy of abstracts in scientific articles. JAMA, 280(24), 2071–2071. doi:10.1001/jama.280.24.2071

MIECH, E. J., NAVE, B., & MOSTELLER, F. (2005). The 20,000 Article Problem: How a Structured Abstract Can Help Practitioners Sort Out Educational Research. Phi Delta Kappan, (February), 396–400.

NICHOLAS, D., HUNTINGTON, P., & JAMALI, H. R. (2007). The Use, Users, and Role of Abstracts in the Digital Scholarly Environment. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 33(4), 446–453. doi:10.1016/j.acalib.2007.03.004.

PRICE, D. J. de Solla (1963). Little Science, Big Science. New York, [etc.]: Columbia University Press.

PRICE, D. J. de Solla (1962). Science Since Babylon (p. 149). Yale University Press.

ROWLEY, J. E. (1982). Abstracting and Indexing. Clive Bingley.

SNEDEKER, K. G., CANNING, P., TOTTON, S. C., & SARGEANT, J. M. (2012). Completeness of reporting in abstracts from clinical trials of pre-harvest interventions against foodborne pathogens. Preventive veterinary medicine, 104(1-2), 15–22. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.11.004.

TADDIO, A., PAIN, T., FASSOS, F. F., BOON, H., ILERSICH, A. L., & EINARSON, T. R. (1994). Quality of nonstructured and structured abstracts of original research articles in the British Medical Journal, the Canadian Medical Association Journal and the Journal of the American Medical Association. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 150(10), 1611–1615.

WARE, M., & MABE, M. (2009). An overview of scientific and scholarly journal publishing. The STM Report.

WEINERT, C. (2010). Are all abstracts created equal?? Applied nursing research: ANR, 23(2), 106–109. doi:10.1016/j.apnr.2008.06.003.

WILCZYNSKI, N. L., WALKER, C. J., MCKIBBON, K. A., & HAYNES, R. B. (1995). Preliminary assessment of the effect of more informative (structured) abstracts on citation retrieval from MEDLINE. Medinfo. MEDINFO, 8 Pt 2, 1457–1461.

WINKER, M. A. (1999). The Need for Concrete Improvement in Abstract Quality. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 281(12), 1129–1130.


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item